0 - 1900A.D. History of the World.
Yes. It's a long one but well worth the effort.
Reproduced with kind permission from Nathan Decker..who has spent a great deal of time on this. I have double checked it.
Email Nathan at nmdeckehotmail.com
Assassination of the radical Jesus, allegedly on Illuminati orders; more Illuminoid trappings; an eclipse; an earthquake; visitors from the sky roll away the stone from the sepulcher and liberate the crucified Jesus.
Flavius Josephus, the noted Jewish historian of the first century A.D., described giants as having "bodies so large and countenances so entirely different from other men that they were surprising to the sight and terrible to the hearing." And he adds that in his day, the bones of the giants were still on display.
A cavern adjacent to the ruins of the "temple of Apollo" in Pamukkale (formerly Hierapolis), built when the ancient Grecian empire held sway in the area. Several strange disappearances have surrounded the cavern as for back as ancient Grecian times. The Greek philosopher Strabe (circa 63 BC - 24 AD) recorded that many animals who entered the cavern never emerged, and also many people who went past the mouth of the cave never returned. Only sorcerers in ancient times, who had apparently made an alliance with the "gods of the underworld", would be able to enter and would emerge glowing with a reddish aura.
The Key of Solomon, a book of incantations for invoking demons, attributed to the authorship of Solomon, was in existence. Influenced the Golden Dawn movement and was one of the sources of modern ritual magic. Some people believed these were written by King Solomon himself, whereas others believed they were written by demons and given to the king. Solomon has been widely acclaimed as a great wizard in his time and he was a master in the art of commanding demons. Some experts pretend that the many versions all derive from an original written by the Rabbi Abognazar.
The great first-century pagan philosopher and physician Apollonius of Tyana was said to have transported himself instantaneously to Ephesus to treat sufferers from a plague.
According to Masonic tradition, Ormus started an order in Alexandria having the "rose-cross" as symbol.
A "ship" was seen speeding across the Scottish night sky.
A disastrous fire sweeps through Rome. The Emperor Nero blames the Christians. Persecution of both Christians and Jews erupts. Tradition has it that Peter was crucified during these Neronic persecutions and buried, eventually, under the site of the present altar of St. Peter's church.
May 21--From Flavius Josephe Jewish War Book CXI: "On the 21st of May a demonic phantom of incredible size... for before sunset there appeared in the air over the whole country chariots and armed troops coursing through the clouds and surrounding the cities."
When a comet appeared, astrologers wondered if it would mean the death of Emperor Vespasian. Vespasion, alluding to the term "long-haired star" used for comets, joked that the comet must have been meant for the Parthian King, who wore his hair long, not for himself, Vespasian, who was bald. Despite his clever pun, Vespasian died within the year.
From medieval reporter Conrad Wolfhart: "When the Roman emperor Agricola was in Scotland, wonderous flames were seen in the skies over Caledon Wood, all one winter night. Everywhere the air burned, and on many nights, when the weather was serene, a ship was seen in the air moving fast."
From medieval reporter Conrad Wolfhart: "At sunset, a burning shield passed over the sky at Rome. It came sparkling from the west and passed over to the east."
Hero of Alexandria devises a primitive steam-engine.
Basilides, a "heresiarch" (Gnostic) of Alexandria is supposed to have written twenty-four commentaries on the Gospels, wherein he claimed that Jesus did not die on the cross and that a substitute, Simon of Cyrene, took his place. The Koran held the same argument in the seventh century.
125 to 150
Simon Magus, Menander, Valentinus and others develop Gnostic religious doctrines of esoteric knowledge (illumination). Simon Magus was a contemporary of Jesus and has been called his most dangerous rival. Clement I called him "God's left hand" and the counterpart of Saint Paul. He found "wisdom" in a brothel in Tyre and preached a Gnostic philosophy summed up in his work The Root of All. He has later been called the founder of all Gnostic teachings.
Roman Mithraism competes with Christianity.
Yellow Turban Society subdues northern China, Triad cult formed in opposition.
Mount Taupo in New Zealand erupts, Romans record 3 days of global darkness.
"'The way was long, and as if enveloped in darkness,' explains Chu Yan, a Chinese poet of the third century B.C. Chinese tradition narrates the extraordinary adventure of Hou Yih, an engineer of the Emperor Yao, who decided, 4,300 years ago, to go to the moon with a 'celestial bird.' In the course of the flight, the bird indicated to the traveler the exact movements of the rising, the apogee, and the setting of the sun. Hou Yih thereafter explained that he 'sailed up the current of luminous air.' Could this current have been the exhaust of a rocket? "'He no longer perceived the rotary movement of the sun,' the narrator points out. Effectively, contemporary astronauts have noted that, in space, it was not possible to discern the diurnal passage of the sun. And what did the Chinese engineer observe on the moon? He saw 'an horizon which appeared frozen.' To protect himself from the glacial air, he built the 'Palace of the Great Cold.' His wife, Chang Ngo, left to join him on the satellite, which she described as 'a luminous sphere, brilliant as glass, of an enormous size, and very cold.'"
First book of the cabala, Sepher Yetzirah, compiled.
216 to 276
Life of Mani, the Illuminator, who founded Manicheism, based on ideas from Judaism, Christianity, Zoroasterism, Gnosticism, etc.
The Holy Grail of the Last Supper kept in Aragón, Spain, according to Catholic tradition.
Constantine and his army all beheld in the heavens a luminous cross. He claimed to have been shown a cross on the Sun as a sign from Christ that he would triumph over Maxentius.
> 320 >about
Constantine visits the Shrine at Delphi and leaves with a prize collection of bronze statuary. He is one of a long line of Roman plunderers of this sacred site. In spite of this, the Oracle continues to reside at Delphi.
Council of Nicaea in which Christianity begins to rigidify. The Book of Enoch, having been suppressed by the Church, was declared apocryphal by St. Jerome. Eusebius, Bishop of Caeseria, sets out the list of New Testament books still in use today. He also lists books which he considers "doubtful," such as the "Acts of Paul," "Revelation of Peter," "Gospels of Peter, Thomas, Matthias," and many other ancient books. Constantine orders Eusebius to have fifty Bibles made of vellum. The amount of vellum required would have taken the skins of about 4500 animals. Some of these Bibles still exist today in Leipzig, St. Catherine's Monastery in Sinai, and London, in the British Museum.
The first major witch-hunt in the modern sense occurred by order of the Roman emperor Valerian.
The beginnings of a society called hung, or "The Brotherhood of Heaven and earth", containing many Masonic traditions.
Strange lights were seen in the sky in the days of the Emperor Theodosius. On a sudden, a bright globe appeared at midnight and shone brilliantly near the daystar, (Venus). This globe shone little less brilliantly than the planet, and little by little, a great number of other glowing orbs drew near the first globe. The spectacle was like a swarm of bees flying around the beekeeper, and the light of these orbs was as if they were dashing violently against each other. They blended together into one awful flame, and bodied forth to the eye as a horrible two-edged sword. The strange globe, which was first seen now appeared like the pommel to a handle, and all the little orbs, fused with the first, shone as brilliantly as the first globe.
A thing like a burning globe, presenting a sword, shown brilliantly in the sky over Istanbul. It seemed almost to touch the earth from the zenith, "Such a thing was never recorded to have been seen before by man."
about> 5th Century
A Pictish stone depicts what might be the Loch Ness Monster
Copies of the Mandylion, "the true picture of the face of Christ", alleged to have been given to King Abgar of Mesopotamia by Christ himself, spread all over the Christian world.
A report from Brittany in northern France, "a blazing thing like a globe was seen in the sky. Its size was immense, and on its beams hung a ball of fire like a dragon out of whose mouth proceeded two beams, one of which stretched beyond France, and the other reached toward Ireland, and ended in fire, like rays."
There is a text preserved in a Buddhist Monastery in China which tells of some monks who voyaged 7000 miles east to a new continent. The text describes them making landfall on a coast with mountains and rivers, (California?) then traveling inland to the east where they discover a large canyon with stratified colors and a great river at the bottom (the Grand Canyon?) They then travel south over a great desert with strange trees that have many thorns, (cactus?) and find a civilization far to the south. Some stone carvings with oriental features have been discovered among the civilizations of South and Central America, and the similarities between Chinese dragon sculptures and Central American dragon sculptures are striking.
Council Of Constantinople declares reincarnation to be heresy.
Genesis of the Loch Ness Monster. According to a written account, Saint Columba, a Christian missionary to Scotland, saved a swimmer from the monster by shouting, "Think not to go further, touch not thou that man. Quick! Go back!" In obedience to the Saint the creature fled. Ever since then there have been vague accounts of "something" in the Loch.
The Bishop of Tours in France, is perplexed by curious "domes and golden globes that raced across the sky".
> 610 > about
Muhammad began to receive the Koran, from the angel Djibril, (Jibril, Gabriel), while meditating at night in a cave outside Mecca. The revelation continued for 23 years.
One night in the hot season, in India, a man named Hariswami and his new wife were laying on the roof of the summer house. The veil on the woman's face slipped off in the night while a demi-god was seated in his car over head. His gaze suddenly fell upon her. The demi-god lowered the car and placed her asleep within. She was never seen again. (As told by Hariswami, translated from Hindu by J. Platts)
At a monastery at Barking near the Thames, England, "a great light appeared in the sky at night and shone over nuns who were singing in the burial-ground. They reported that it lifted up, moved to the other side of the monastery, and then ascended into the night sky. Priests said the light surpassed the brightness of day."
Estimated date of carving of stone statues found on Easter Island.
The Frankish Bishop Arculf of Périgueux claims to have seen the "Shroud of Jesus" in Palestine.
Flaming object was seen flying to north from many countries in Japan, one year before the war of the Jinshin.
673 to 735
Life of the Venerable Bede, the greatest scholar of Saxon England whose Ecclesiastical History of England (731) contained many occult and unexplained occurrences.
Sufi mysticism begins.
Al Azif (Necronomicon) a book supposed to have been written by the black wizard Abdul Al-Hazred who lived at Sanaa in Yemen. The book which has been translated by John Dee is also known as Al Azif or the whispers of demons. Today most agree that The Necromicon is a compilation of spells, recipes and other texts taken from older grimoires as The Key of Salomon or the Kitab al Uhud from Araby which were among the famous magic library of Assurbinapal.
Charles Martel defeated the Moslems with the aid of the Holy Lance, the spear that pierced Christ's side.
China: Huge flame-breathing dragons were reported being seen in skies, accompanied by men in airships.
Meath County: While King Domnall Mac Murchada attended the fair at Teltown, ships were seen in the air.
The "Holy Vehm", a secret society founded by Charlmagne who wrote the Code and Statues of the Holy Secret Tribunal of Free Courts and Free Judges of Westphalia for this order.
From an chronicle by W. R. Drake: At Charlemagne's castle at Sigiburg, as the Saxons were laying siege to the castle, "Those watching outside in that place, of whom many still live to this very day, saw they beheld the likeness of two large shields, reddish in color in motion above the church, and when the pagans who were outside saw this sign, they were at once thrown into confusion and terrified with fear and began to flee from the castle."
St. Gregory of Tours, a historian, wrote of Charlemagne: "Alcuin, the secretary and biographer of Charlemagne, and author of the Vita Karoli, states in the thirty second chapter of his work that in 810 when he was on his way from Aachen, he saw a large sphere descend like lightning from the sky. It traveled from east to west and was so bright it made the monarch's horse rear up so that Charlemagne fell and injured himself severely."
According to legend, the grave of Jacob was found at the site where the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela later was built.
The Great Pyramid of Giza was broken into for the first time. It was done by an Arab team on the orders of Caliph Ma'moun.
A synod meeting at Mantua decides to subject Venetians to a new Patriarch of Aquila on the Frankish controlled mainland. Venice however, in a bid for independence in church affairs, decided to obtain the body of a potent saint. Two merchants--Buono of Malamocco and Rustico of Torcello--sail to Alexandria, set out for the church containing the body of the apostle St. Mark, and promptly steal it, substituting into the shroud the body of St. Claudian from a nearby tomb. In order to avoid discovery by Muslim customs officials, they smuggle the holy relic back to Venice in a barrel of salt pork and cabbages.
As he was coming out of the Cathedral at Lyons, France, Archbishop Abobard saw a mob stoning three men and a woman alleged to have been seen alighting from a aerial ship.
An "evil spirit" threw stones and made the walls shake in a small farmhouse, this was the first recorded poltergeist case.
Landulf II of Capua excommunicated from Sicily when his alliance with Islam was unveiled. According to the medieval Chronicler Echempertus he had, in the mountains of Monte Castello in the south-west of Sicily, discovered the Temple of Erix at which priestesses had once guarded the Oracle of Venus. (Qal'at al-Bellut, the Fortress of the Oaks). There he is said to have performed evil rituals and according to Adolf Hitler's personal notes from c. 1910 he was the source of Klingsor in Eschenbach's Parsifal.
Beginning of the Bogomils of Bulgaria, a Manicheian sect, and the roots of Cathari.
An object like a flaming torch was seen in the sky in Hungary, together with spheres, which flew over giving out a brighter light than the stars.
920 to 1003
Life of Pope Sylvester II who allegedly visited the Nine Unknown in India.
Edwin, a mythical son of Athelstan, presided according to tradition over a Masonic meeting at York where certain charges where agreed upon for the government of the Brotherhood.
A report from France: "In the town of Verdun, like the whole eastern part of France, saw fiery armies appearing in the sky. Flodoard's chronicle reports that they flew over eastern Reims on a Sunday morning in March. Similar phenomena happened several times under King Pepin the Short, under Charlemagne, under Louis I, the Debonair. These sovereign's capitularia mention penalties against creatures that travel on aerial ships."
The first legislation against witchcraft (and banning of Sunday trade) by King Athelstan.
August 15--The "Mandylion", a picture of Christ "not made by human hands", (acheiropoieton), arrived at the church of Our Lady at Blachernae in Constantinople from Edessa.
Al Azif translated into Greek as Necronomicon.
Some writers claim that a group know as the "Illuminated Ones" was founded by Joachim of Floris in the eleventh century and taught a primitive, supposedly Christian doctrine of "poverty and equality".
Approximate founding of Yezidi cult by Sufi Sheik Adi in Iraq.
"Abode of Learning" active in Cairo.
Spread of Cathari Manicheism throughout Europe.
August--In Egypt, a number of "stars" were seen to fly over Cairo and the Nile Delta.
A rare typeset book from 1493 contains what may be the earliest pictorial representation of a UFO. The book Liber Chronicarum, describes a strange fiery sphere, seen in Europe, soaring through the sky in a straight course from south to east and then veering toward the setting sun. The illustration accompanying the account shows a cigar-shaped form haloed by flames, sailing through a blue sky over a green, rolling countryside. This may be the first work that actually contains actual illustrations of UFO's.
1034 to 1124
Life of Hasan-e Sabbah, founder of the Assassins of Persia. Member of the Ismaili sect, Hasan seized fortress of Alamut in Daylam in 1090; split with Fatimid dynasty in 1094; Assassins flourished for next several centuries.
Approximate date of founding of the "Order of Hospitallers" in Jerusalem.
The super nova called the Crab nebula appeared on the sky and was pictured in rock paintings in some parts of the world.
From Geoffrey Gaimar's Lestoire des Englis: "In this year people saw a fire that flamed and burned fiercely in the sky. It came near the earth and for a little time brilliantly lit it up. Afterwards, it revolved, ascended on high, and then descended into the sea. In several places it burned woods and plains, and in the County of Northumberland this fire showed itself in two seasons of the year."
> 1080 > about
The "Order of St John" founded in Jerusalem?
> 1090 > about
Hasan-e Sabbah created out of the Ishmaelians, (a Shiite sub-sect), the "Order of the Assassins".
The "Queen of the Universe" appears in Arras, France.
The alleged "Holy Lance of the Passion" found by the Crusaders in Antiochia in the Church of Saint Peter.
Godfroi founded the "Order of Sion".
Prince Madog of Wales brings the last of the Druids to America and erects rings of blue gray stones in the hills near what would one day be Mobile, Alabama.
Approximate date Sufi Gilani founds Arabic school of Illuminati, the "Kadiri Order of Sebil-el-ward", in Baghdad.
Bogomil leader Basil burned in Constantinople.
Albigensian Cathari sect flourishes near Albi, France.
Avengers and Beati Paoli active in Italy.
Robin Hood active in England.
Vimanas (silent flying machines) written of in Indian texts.
"Dervish Orders" appeared (Islamic-mystic brotherhoods with hierarchical structure, initiations and exercises designed to bring man in direct contact and oneness with God).
"Hospitallers of Jerusalem" founded, St Bernard of Clairvaux founds monastery, to protect a "great secret".
A group of churchmen from Laon in France were going from town to town in Wessex, England, bearing with them relics of the Virgin Mary, which they used to perform miracles of healing. At the coastal town of Christchuch, they were astonished to see a dragon come out of the sea, "breathing fire out of its nostrils."
The "Order of St John" achieved their legitimate status by a decree by Pope Paschalis II.
Hugh de Payens, a vassal of the count of Champagne, France and eight other Crusader knights form the "Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and the Temple of Solomon", later to be known as the "Knights Templar". They were approved as a holy order by theVatican, and proceeded to fight in the Crusades, gain converts, and ultimately re-take the city of Jerusalem and the ruins of the Temple of Solomon. While there, they carried out what would now be called archaeological investigations, digging in and around the Temple. While no one knows for sure, they may have found a great treasure. Later authors will speculate that this treasure is the Shroud of Turin, or an occult manuscript. They were a strict order of warrior/monks, and the Rule of their Order was based on obedience, poverty and chastity. They were a major force in the Crusades, and although individual members were permitted to own nothing, the order itself grew rich. They gained lands, castles, money, power, and prestige. They were also the forerunners of the banking business. They provided such services as safe deposit, agents for collection of debts and taxes, trusts for heirs, mortgage brokers, and issued paper money which could be exchanged for hard currency with any other Templar outpost. They also had the best communications network in the world. All their outposts were connected by courier, and they used codes and ciphers for private messages between each other. This was doubly effective since most people were completely illiterate, and couldn't have even read a plain message. It was networks such as this, and similar networks in other sacred orders, which started to bring Europe out of the dark ages. During their existence, the Templars also made many enemies. They were rich, powerful and secretive. They were accused of performing occult rites in their round temples.
The first documented presence of the Templars in Spain--in the northeastern part fighting against the Moors.
The Holy Grail present at the Saint Juan de la Pena Monastery, Spain, according to catholic tradition.
Monks at the Brunia Monastery in the Trier region of ancient Prussia (now Germany), founded by Charlemagne's father Pepin the Short, reportedly captured a dark-skinned dwarf in the basement of the monastery, after they discovered several wine casks that had been emptied onto the cellar floor. They confined the little man, who refused to speak or eat, until he escaped back down through the cellar and into a sloping tunnel that was accessed via a displaced stone.
Pope Innocent II granted the Knights Templar the unique privilege to build their own churches.
The east front of Chartres cathedral is dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary and inside is a relic: the robe she is said to have been wearing at the moment of her Assumption into heaven.
Rapid growth of Cathari sect begins.
Life of Joachim of Fiore, a Calabrian hermit, claimed to have found a trinitarian system of ages in the Bible (the theory came to have a big influence in history).
Knights Templars adopted the splayed red cross as symbol. (The same as those of the Assassins or Hashishim.)
Everard de Barree, Grand Master of the Templars, saw the Passion relics in Constantinople while in company with Louis VII and Eleanor of Aquitaine.
The ancient Sterling Lodge claimed to represent the Masons who built Cambies Kenneth Abbey.
> 1150-1200 >about
Sepher-ha-Bahir, a Koranistic work, appeared in Southern France from unknown origin. It contained the first reference to the Tree and the Sephirot.
> 1150 >about
The tale of the green children dates from the middle of the twelfth century, in the realm of either King Stephen or his successor King Henry II. In Suffolk, England, according to medieval chroniclers, two green children, weeping inconsolably, were found wandering in a field. Seized by reapers, they were taken to the nearest village, Woolpit, and held in captivity at the home of Sir Richard cle Calne where local people came to gape. According to William of Newburgh, the children were clad in "garments of strange color and unknown materials." They could speak no English and refused all food offered them. A few days later, on the brink of starvation, they were brought "beans cut off or torn from stalks," wrote Abbot Ralph of Coggeshall, who allegedly had the story from the Calne himself. The children "broke open the beanstalks, not the pod or shell of the beans, evidently supposing that the beans were contained in the hollows of the stalks. But not finding beans within the stalks they again began to weep, which, when the bystanders noticed, they opened the shells and showed them the beans themselves. Whereupon, with great joyfulness, they ate beans for a long time, entirely, and would touch no other food." Soon the children were baptized, and not long afterwards the boy weakened and died. The girl learned to eat other foods and was restored both to health and to normal skin color. She learned to speak English and took employment in service to a knight and his family. She "was rather loose and wanton in her conduct," Ralph of Coggeshall wrote. Asked about her native country, "she asserted that the inhabitants, and all that they had in that country, were of a green color; and that they saw no sun, but enjoyed a degree of light like what is after sunset. Being asked how she came into this country with the aforesaid boy, she replied, that as they were following their flocks they came to a certain cavern, until they came to its mouth. When they came out of it, they were struck senseless by the excessive light of the sun, and the unusual temperature of the air; and they thus lay for a long time. Being terrified by the noise of those who came on them, they wished to fly, but they could not find the entrance of the cavern before they were caught." In William of Newburgh's account, the children said their country was called St. Martin's Land. Its people were Christians. There was no sun there, but across a broad river a bright, shining land could be seen. Eventually the woman married and reportedly lived for years at Lenna in Suffolk. Newburgh remarked, "Although the thing is asserted by many, yet I have long been in doubt about the matter, deeming it ridiculous to credit a thing supported by no rational foundation, or at least one of a mysterious character; yet, in the end, I was so overwhelmed by the weight of so many competent witnesses that I have been compelled to believe and wonder over a matter I was unable to comprehend and unravel by the powers of my intellect." A modern writer, British folklorist Katharine Briggs, says, "This is one of those curiously convincing and realistic fairy anecdotes which are occasionally to be found in the medieval chronicles." Another recent chronicler, Paul Harris, speculates that the children were not aliens from another realm but simply lost, undernourished children who had wandered into flint mines in the vicinity of Thetford Forest, near the village of Fordham St. Martin. "Perhaps from the twilight of the thick woodlands the children could see a less forested and therefore sunnier land across the river Lark," he writes. They may have spoken in an English dialect "unintelligible to the insular 12th Century farmworkers of Woolpit."
An old legend tells how the knight Owen visited a cave on Station island in County Donegal. Ireland, in the year 1153, leading to an underground plain and a "cloister" where he met monks who warned him of the temptations ahead. The knight travels to a black, icy realm and also sulfurous pits of molten metal in which the wicked suffer, finally arriving at the earthly paradise below the earth.
A certain Welsh prince, Madoc ab Owain Gwynedd, sailed away from his homeland, which was filled with war and strife and battles between his brothers. Yearning to be away from the feuds and quarrels, he took his ships and headed west, seeking a better place. He returned to Wales brimming with tales of the new land he found--warm and golden and fair. His tales convinced more than a few of his fellow countrymen, and many left with him to return to this wondrous new land, far across the sea. This wondrous new land is believed to be what is now Mobile Bay, Alabama. Time has left several blank pages between the legend of Madoc and the "history" of America, with its reports of white Indians who speak Welsh, and these blank pages have been the subject of much controversy in certain circles over the five centuries since Columbus discovered the New World.
Peter Waldo founds the "Poor Men of Lyons".
A term equivalent to our "flying saucer" was actually used by the Japanese approximately 700 years before it came into use in the West. Ancient documents describe an unusual shining object seen in the night as a flying "earthenware vessel." The object, which had been heading northeast from a mountain in Kii province, changed its direction and vanished below the horizon, leaving a luminous trail.
"Poor Men of Lyons" excommunicated, suppressed.
The Church of the Templars in London conscecrated.
"Prieure de Sion" separated from the Templars.
The "Order of St John" founded a monastery in Eskilstuna, Sweden. On orders of King Henry II, who had heard that the legendary King Arthur was buried there, workers began digging between two ancient, pyramid-shaped pillars located at Glastonbury, in Somerset. At a depth of seven feet they found a leaden cross which was engraved with this inscription: HIC JACET SEPULTUS INCLYTUS REX ARTURUS IN INSULA AVALLONIA ("Here lies buried the renowned King Arthur in the Isle of Avallon"). Excited over this find, the excavators doubled their efforts. At sixteen feet their shovels struck a large oaken tree trunk which had been hollowed out to serve as a coffin. Breaking the trunk coffin open, they found the skeleton of a man who once measured close to nine feet tall. Beside him lay the remains of a woman of average height, whom the excavators took to be Arthur's queen, Guinevere. About a century later the bones of the two were reinterred in the great church before the altar in the presence of King Edward I. "From that time," says the Encyclopedia Britannica, "the Isle of Avalon has been identified with Glastonbury and romances connecting Arthur and Glastonbury are still being written."
The "Teutonic Knights", (the "Order of the Hospital of the Blessed Virgin Mary of the German House of Jerusalem"), founded as a field hospital at the siege of Acre.
1200 to 1300
"House of Wisdom" in Cairo, roots of the Afghan Roshaniya.
Origin of the Mafia in Sicily.
Joseph d'Arimathie, a poem written by Robert de Boron, describing Joseph as the first keeper of the Holy Grail.
A 13th century historian, Saxo-Gammaticus, wrote down the folklore and myths of Scandinavia. He recorded the ancient Viking belief in "Hadding Land", a subterranean world where giants, superhumans, tribes of black dwarfs, and "snake people" lived. These strange beings, and even stranger animals, were said to occasionally surface in the outer world and create chaos.
A report from England: William of Newburgh describes a silvery, flat, shiny disc-like object, which appeared near the abbey and frightened everyone near it.
The "Shroud of Jesus" was exhibited in the Blachernae church, Constantinople.
Gervase of Tilbury, England writes in Otio Imperialia about an aerial ship which caught its anchor on a pile of stones. An occupant came down from the ship and managed to free it, however he was asphyxiated by the atmosphere.
"Albigensian Crusade" begins suppression of Cathari heresy.
April 13--"La Iglesia de la Vera Cruz" (Knights Templars church in Segovia, Spain) was consecrated.
During a Sunday mass in Gravesend, Kent, England it is said that the congregation saw an anchor descend and catch on a tombstone in the churchyard. The churchgoers rushed outside to see a strange "ship" in the sky, with people on board. One occupant of the vessel leaped over the side, but did not fall: "as if swimming in water" he made his way through the air toward the anchor. The people on the ground tried to capture him. The man then "hurried up to the ship." His companions cut the anchor rope, and the ship then "sailed out of sight." The local blacksmith made ornaments from the abandoned anchor to decorate the church lectern.
The Dominicans created by a Spanish fanatic.
The Dominicans started the "Holy Inquisition" to suppress Cathari and other heresies. The Inquisition founds the blessed "Society of Leopold". The Society begins to suspect the presence of vampires in the Church.
1235 to 1315
Life of "Dr. Illuminatus", Ramon Llull (Raymond Lully) in Spain.
What might be called the first official investigation of a UFO sighting occurred in Japan in 1235. During the night while General Yoritsume and his army were encamped, mysterious lights were observed in the heavens. The lights were seen in the southwest for many hours, winging, circling and moving in loops. The general ordered a "full-scale scientific investigation" of these strange events. The report finally submitted to him has the "soothing" ring of many contemporary explanations offered for UFO phenomena. In essence it read: "the whole thing is completely natural, General. It is... only the wind making the stars sway."
July--A report from Matthew of Paris from England: "At dusk, but not when the stars came out, while the air was clear, serene and shining, a great star appeared. It was like a torch, rising from the south, and flying on both sides of it, there was emitted in the height of the sky a very great light. It turned quickly towards the north in the aery region, not quickly, nor, indeed, with speed, but exactly as it wished to ascend to a place high in the air."
The "Shroud of Jesus" sold to the Templars by King Bela IV of Hungary because of lack of money.
Massacre of Cathari at Montsegur, France.
Approximate beginning of "Holy Vehm" in Westphalia.
The Knights Templars threatened by Henry III of England.
January 1--A report from Matthew of Paris: "At midnight in the clear and serene sky with the stars shining and the moon eight days old, there suddenly appeared in the sky a kind of large ship, elegantly shaped, and well-equipped of marvelous color. Certain monks of St. Albans saw it for a long time, as if it were painted, and a ship made of planks, but finally it began to disappear."
The Assassin library at Alamut destroyed. All books of their doctrine and ritual where burned by Hulagu Khan's Mongols.
Cathari hierarchy fades.
A spaceship was seen in Bristol, England, which landed and an occupant came down from a ladder and was suffocated in the Earth's atmosphere.
Marco Polo reported from his trip to China that on special occasions the royal chariot was pulled by dragons.
September 12--A priest was spared his life in Japan when a shiny, bright object appeared in the sky, causing the executioners to panic, fearing they had falsely accused the cleric of wrongdoing.
The alleged bones of Mary Magalene found in the southern French town of Saint-Maximin after excavations in a 4th-century crypt. A cathedral was later erected on the place.
Zohar, second book of the cabala, compiled by Moses de Leon in Spain.
Roger Bacon, deviser of early eyeglasses, independently invents gunpowder.
Pope Innocent III pronounces the second coming will be this year 666 years after the founding of Islam.
Report from Byland, North Yorkshire, from William of Newburgh's Chronicle. The text is known as "The Ampleforth Manuscript", it is a very old manuscript found in Ampleforth Abbey which gives a startling account of a flying saucer over Byland Abbey in Yorkshire. It reads in part: "While the abbot and monks were in the refectorium, a flat round, shining, silvery object (discus) flew over the abbey and caused the utmost terror."
July 12--Acre, the last Christian fortress in Syria lost to the Moslems. Theobald Gaudin, Grand Master of the K.T., managed to escape from Acre to Cyprus with the treasure and relics the Knights Templars. Hospitallers retreat to Cyprus.
The Teutonic Knights moved the center of the order from the Holy Land to Venice.
Marco Polo hears of a giant bird capable of lifting an elephant. It is supposed that this is the Madagascar Elephant Bird. About this time they become extinct.
"White Lotus Society" founded in China at Rozan, south of the Yang Tze.
Inquisition begins suppression of witches and other pagan groups.
October 13--Philippe IV of France ordered arrest of all Knights Templars for witchcraft and heresies; more than 600 of the 3,000 Templars in France were imprisoned according to Inquisition records. Jacques de Molay imprisoned in the Temple in Paris. From the destruction of the Templars we get some of our modern customs. Friday the 13th is unlucky; it is the day that the Templars were arrested.
June 24--Knights Templars held an annual chapter in Poitiers for three days, displaying "The Mysterious Head", according to Etienne de Troyes.
Hospitallers acquire the Isle of Rhodes.
September--The Teutonic Knights moved their headquarters to Marienberg, Prussia.
October 6--Edward II ordered arrest of all Templars in Scotland.
Knights Templar dissolved by papal decree.
March 18--Jacques de Molay and Geoffroi de Charnay roasted to death over a slow fire on the Ile de la Cité in the Seine.
Robert Bruce established, according to old Masonic tradition, the "Royal Order of Scotland" and appointed the St. Clairs as hereditary Grand Masters. Many prominent Templars became members.
The Portugese Templars became the "Order of Christ" and received the approval of Pope John XXII.
England, Durham: After the abbot of Durham Abbey died and was buried, a strange light was seen to descend from the sky and move about over his grave.
The Damburrow Abbey is destroyed by a sinkhole in 1327, and of its magnificent constructions only scattered ruins remain.
First appearance of the Tarot in Germany.
November 4--A report from Robert of Reading: "In the first hours of the night, there was seen in the skies over Uxbridge England, a pillar of fire the size of a small boat, pallid, and livid in color. It rose from the south, crossed the sky with a slow and grave motion, and went north. Out of the front of the pillar, a fervent red flame burst forth with great beams of light. Its speed increased and it flew through the air."
Edward III vowed to establish an order like Arthur's at Windsor. (The round table still exists and was decorated in 1486 with the figure of Arthur and the names of 24 knights.)
April 23--The "Order of the Garter" formally founded on St. George Day, by Edward III of England. The members consisted of twenty-four knights, the monarch and the Prince of Wales. The symbolism of the garter itself still remains obscure. A record of the Order, compiled in Henry VIII's reign, relates that Richard I, during his crusade, gave garters to certain knights as tokens of honor, and it was supposed that Edward III followed this example.
Pope Innocent VI ordered a grimoire called The Book of Solomon, probably The Key of Solomon, to be burned.
January--The "Order of the Star", or the "Order of Our Lady of the Noble Lineage" founded.
Approximate date of the earliest known Satanic cults with black masses celebrated in France. 1361
A flying object described as being "shaped like a drum, about twenty feet in diameter" emerged from the inland sea off western Japan.
The first known record of the concept "Freemasons" in the city archives of London.
1379 to 1482
Alleged life of Christian Rosenkreuz, fictitious founder of Rosicrucianism.
The "Zeno Map" was drawn, it covered a vast area of the north as far as Greenland with amazing accuracy.
December--A "fire in the sky, like a burning and revolving wheel..." was seen in Leicester and Northamptonshire, England. The objects "emitted fire from above, and others in the shape of long, fiery beams".
A report from England: "A certain thing appeared in the likeness of fire in many parts of England every night. This fiery apparition, oftentimes when anybody went alone, it would go with him, and would stand still when he stood still. To some it appeared in the likeness of a turning wheel burning; to other some a round object, the likeness of a barrel, flashing out flames of fire at the head; to others, the likeness of a long burning lance."
Many feel that the Holy Grail may have been taken to Nova Scotia in this year.
The Holy Grail brought to Martin the Humane, King of Aragón, to his palace in Zaragoza, Spain, according to catholic tradition.
Cathari sect dies out.
The magician Abramelin, also called "Abraham the Jew", authors The Book of Sacred Magic, said to have been delivered to his son Lamech. His book offers readers cabalistic magic squares that will purportedly perform such feats as raising tempests, causing spirits to appear, changing men into animals and vice versa, procuring visions, raising the dead, rousing love or hate, demolishing buildings, walking under water, and even making stage performances appear.
Guru Nanak Dev first master of Sikhs
Latin translation of Corpus Hermeticum, which had just been rediscovered in Macedonia. The Corpus Hermeticum is a collection of texts from the second and third centuries of our era that survived from a more extensive literature. Reflecting the generalized spiritual orientation of late Hellenistic gnosis rather than a tradition in any organized sense, these sometimes contradictory texts share only their claim to a common source of revelation, Hermes Trismegistus.
The term "Illuminati" was used by one writer, Menendez Pelayo, as early as 1492 and is attributable to a group known as the "Alumbrados" of Spain. The Alumbrados were said to receive secret knowledge from an unknown higher source, resulting in superior human intelligence.
October 11--10:00 PM, from "The Life and Voyages of Christopher Columbus": Christopher Columbus and Pedro Gutierrez while on the deck of the Santa Maria, observed, "a light glimmering at a great distance." It vanished and reappeared several times during the night, moving up and down, "in sudden and passing gleams." It was sighted 4 hours before land was sighted, and taken by Columbus as a sign they would soon come to land.
1493 to 1541
Life of Paracelsus, possible real founder of Roscrucianism; discoverer of zinc around 1530; model of the Faust legend.
Approximate date of Roshaiya, "the Illuminated Ones", in the mountains of Afganistan.
Beginning of "Alumbrados" in Spain and "Charcoal-Burners" in Scotland.
1503 to 1566
Life of Nostradamus, visionary prophet.
Fra Dolcino's version of Joachim's Illuminism suppressed by the Bishop of Vercueil.
An ancient tomb that some ditch diggers uncovered in Rouen, France, contained the skeleton of a man over seventeen feet tall, in his armor. Affixed to the tomb was this engraved identification: "In this tomb lies the noble and puissant lord, the Chevalier Ricon de Vallemont, and his bones."
At the Siege of Utrecht in Holland: "A cruel and strange sight was seen in the sky, which terrified the townspeople and made the enemy think he would get the city. It was the form of a Burgundian cross right over the city, high in the sky, yellow in color, and fearful to behold."
Hospitallers given Isle of Malta by Charles V, become "Knights of Malta".
The first mention of South America's mysterious hominid creature called mono grande (big monkey) or didi, appears to be in a book written by Pedro de Cieza de Leon in 1553. De Leon recounts native superstitions about these creatures, and goes on to tell of a Spaniard who found a carcass of one in the forests.
March 10--A report from France: "There appeared between 6 and 8 PM, about the moon, a burning fire, emitting a great noise, what seemed to be the point of a lance, turning form side to side, from east to west, casting out flames on all sides."
Though sea serpents are ubiquitous in myths and legends, the first attempt to describe them as figures in natural history appears in a 1555 work by Olaus Magnus, the exiled Catholic archbishop of Uppsala, Sweden. The archbishop wrote that sailors off the coast of Norway had often seen a "Serpent ... of vast magnitude, namely 200 feet long, and moreover 20 feet thick." A dangerous beast, it lived in caves along the shore and devoured both land and ocean creatures, including an occasional seaman. "This Snake disquiets the shippers," Olaus Magnus wrote, "and he puts up his head on high like a pillar."
Story of the Blessed Margaret of Metola. Margaret was a blind dwarf, hunchbacked and lame, but that didn't stop her from living a life of heroic service to the poor. She died in 1330, but in 1558 her remains had to be transferred because her coffin was rotting away. At the exhumation, witnesses were amazed to find that like the coffin, the clothes had rotted, but Margaret's crippled body hadn't.
April--One of the most astounding of documented sightings of aerial phenomena took place in 1561 over Nuremberg, Germany. What was described could only be called a war in the heavens, with a wide variety of craft ranging from spheres to spear-like cylinders to crosses. The sky was apparently filled with the machines, clashing in battle. Comets and such were well identified and charted in this period, so it is highly unlikely that what the people witnessed was merely a celestial phenomenon like a 'meteor shower', as some debunkers suggest. Rather, what is described are physical objects of unique detail and shapes, in 'battle' for over an hour. The battle was such that a winner was perceived as well. Spheroid UFOs were seen emerging from cylindrical 'motherships'. At the conclusion of the battle, it seems a magnificent, black, spear-like super-ship of some kind came upon the scene... It began at dawn, as dozens, if not hundreds, of crosses, globes and tubes fought each other above the city. It ended an hour later, when "the globes in the small and large rods flew into the sun," and several of the other objects crashed to earth and vanished in a thick cloud of smoke. According to the Nuremberg Gazette, the "dreadful apparition" filled the morning sky with "cylindrical shapes from which emerged black, red, orange and blue-white spheres that darted about." Between the spheres, there were "crosses with the color of blood." This "frightful spectacle" was witnessed by "numerous men and women." Afterwards, a "black, spear-like object" appeared. The author of the Gazette warned that "the God-fearing will by no means discard these signs, but will take it to heart as a warning of their merciful Annunciation with St. Emidius Father in heaven, will mend their lives and faithfully beg God, that he avert His wrath, including the well-deserved punishment, on us, so that we may, temporarily here and perpetually there, live as His children."
August 7--UFOs Do Battle In The Heavens Over Basel, Switzerland A student in Basel, Switzerland reported that just after dawn on August 7, 1566, "many large, black globes were seen in the air, moving before the sun at great speed and turning against each other as if fighting. Some of them became red and fiery and afterwards faded and went out."
First Inquisition edict against the Alumbrados.
May 13--A famous naturalist, Ulysses Aldrovandus, recorded the details of a peasant killing a small dragon along a farm road in northern Italy on this day. He obtained the dragon carcass, thoroughly documented the encounter, and had it mounted and placed in a museum.
1575 to 1624
Life of Jakob Bohme, visionary mystic, illuminated one.
English colony established at Roanoke Island, Virginia; no trace of the "lost colony" was found when supply ships returned three years later.
Stubbe Peeter was tried in Germany in 1589 for 25 years of hideous crimes, including murder of adults and children (including his own son), cannibalism, incest, and attacks on animals. Peeter claimed to have made a pact with Satan, who provided him with a girdle which turned him into a wolf.
North Berwick witches coven attempts To sink King James' ship.
The "Phiri Rhis Map" is drawn which shows the coastline of Africa and South America accurate to within a .5 degree of longitude. The map clearly shows features of the earth that nobody should have known in the late 1500's. On the map he wrote that he had borrowed and copied from 20 earlier ancient maps. Some of the maps dating back to Alexander the Great and older. Without an accurate timepiece there was no way to figure longitude on a sailing ship. It wasn't until 1790 that the first accurate marine timepiece was invented.
England, London: A "flying dragon" surrounded by flames was seen over the city.
Anonymous alchemist seeks to start Rosicrucian-like society in Europe. 1603
King James of England declares witchcraft a capital crime.
Rosicrucian constitution published.
First recorded sighting of "Champ", or the Lake Champlain Monster, by Pierre de Champlain.
The Wood manuscript written, traces the history of the Order from two pillars that were found after Noah's Flood.
As late as this date, the Chinese emperor was still appointing the post of a "Royal Dragon Feeder."
A pamphlet begins circulating describing an ancient secret society begins to circulate. Worthy people are invited to join. No address or instructions are given on how to contact the Rosicrucian order, but it is promised that published inquiries will be answered. The "Fraternity of the Rosy Cross" allegedly dates back to the time of the Egyptian ruler Akhnaten, who worshipped the sun.
Lakota Indian tribe puts star map on buffalo hide.
Posters appear in Paris saying that the Rosicrucians are "amongst you...visibly and invisibly."
Alumbrados of Spain condemned by an edict of the Grand Inquisition.
Guerinets appear in France.
In this year one James Everett, sober, discreet man, and two others, saw a great light in the night at Muddy River in New England. When it stood still, it flamed up, and was about three yards square; when it ran, it was contracted into the figure of a swine: it ran as swift as an arrow towards Charlton, and so up and down about two or three hours. They were come down in their lighter about a mile, and, when it was over, they found themselves carried quite back against the tide to the place they came from. Divers other credible persons saw the same light, after, about the same place.
Beginning of subliminal persuasion when Rembrandt imbeds the word "sex" in a painting.
March 11-- England, from the diarist John Evelyn: I must not forget what amazed us exceedingly the night before, namely, a shining cloud in the air in a shape resembling a sword, the point reaching to the north. It was as bright as the moon, the rest of the sky being very serene. It began about 11 at night and vanished not till about one, being seen by all the south of England.
Earliest known Masonic Lodge to allow non-professional or "free" masons, in Warrington, England.
The "English Diggers", a group of agrarian communists who flourished in England in 1649-50 and were led by Gerrard Winstanley (q.v.) and William Everard. The Diggers were harassed by legal actions and mob violence, and by the end of March 1650 their colony was dispersed.
Reliable sightings of "flying dragons" (pterosaur-like creature) in Europe are recorded as recently as this year. The woods around Penllin Castle, Glamorgan, had the reputation of being frequented by winged serpents, and these were the terror of old and young alike. The winged serpents were described as very beautiful. They were coiled when in repose, and "looked as if they were covered with jewels of all sorts. Some of them had crests sparkling with all the colours of the rainbow". When disturbed they glided swiftly, "sparkling all over," to their hiding places. When angry, they "flew over people's heads, with outspread wings, bright, and sometimes with eyes too, like the feathers in a peacock's tail". Locals had killed some of them, for they were as bad as foxes for poultry, and the extinction of the winged serpents was due to the fact that they were "terrors in the farmyards and coverts."
Illuminated Guerinets come to public notice in France.
The Florentine Heresy rocks the "Society of London".
The following is the text of a sworn statement by a seventeenth-century Swedish clergyman, P. Rahm: "In the year 1660, when I and my wife had gone to my farm, which is three quarters of a mile from Ragunda parsonage, and we were sitting there and talking awhile, late in the evening, there came a little man in at the door, who begged of my wife to go and aid his wife, who was just in the pains of labor. The fellow was of small size, of a dark complexion, and dressed in old gray clothes. My wife and I sat awhile, and wondered at the man; for we were aware that he was a Troll, and we had heard tell that such like, called by the peasantry Vettar (spirits), always used to keep in the farmhouses, when people left them in harvest-time. But when he had urged his request four or five times, and we thought on what evil the country folk say that they have at times suffered from the Vettar, when they have chanced to swear at them, or with uncivil words bid them to go to hell, I took the resolution to read some prayers over my wife, and to bless her, and bid her in God's name go with him. She took in haste some old linen with her, and went along with him, and I remained sitting there. When she returned, she told me that when she went with the man out at the gate, it seemed to her as if she was carried for a time along in the wind, and so she came to a room, on one side of which was a little dark chamber, in which his wife lay in bed in great agony. My wife went up to her, and, after a little while, aided her till she brought forth the child after the same manner as other human beings. The man then offered her food, and when she refused it, he thanked her, and accompanied her out, and then she was carried along, in the same way in the wind, and after a while came again to the gate, just at 10 o'clock. Meanwhile, a quantity of old pieces and clippings of silver were laid on a shelf, in the sittingroom, and my wife found them next day, when she was putting the room in order. It is supposed that they were laid there by the Vettar."
August 15-- As the people of the village Robozero (in the Bolozero district, Russia) were in church they heard a loud noise in the sky and many people left the church to see what was up. One of them was the farmer Levka Pedorov who told the stort to the monastery monk, who documentetd it in script. In midday a "great ball of fire" descended from the south in a clear blue sky over Robozero and moved across the church to the near lake. The "ball" was 45 meters in diameter and two beams of "fire" were shooting out from the front and then, after it went from the south to the west (500meters from Pedorov), it "dissapeared". Only to re-apear an hour later over the same lake. And there it stayed for an hour and a half. A company of fishermen in a boat on the lake a mile away from Pedorov were sorely burnt by the light of the "ball", which lit up the lake to it's bottom 9 meters deep, while the fish fled to the banks. Pedorov described the water as if "covered with rust under the glow..."
Russian Old Believers begin setting themselves alight to protect themselves from the Antichrist. By 1690, 20,000 are dead.
The Hope Diamond is believed to have come from the Kollur mine near Golconda in India. It first came to attention in the 1660's when a French explorer Tavernier noticed the then 112 carats of golf ball shaped blue stone, gleaming on the forehead of a temple idol. At that point in time it was roughly three times the size that it is today. Tavernier took the diamond back to France where in 1669 he sold it to Louis XIV for the modern day equivalent of £71 million.
A Dutchman named Jan Struys, captured and enslaved by bandits in Armenia, met a hermit--or so he would claim later--on Ararat. Struys, believed by his captors to possess magical healing powers, treated the old man, who in gratitude handed him a "piece of hard wood of a dark color" and a sparkling stone, both of which "he told me he had taken from under the Ark."
In An Account of Two Voyages to New England, published in 1674, John Josselyn recalled a 1639 conversation with residents of the Massachusetts colony: "They told me of a sea-serpent or snake, that lay coiled upon a rock at Cape Ann."
The earliest known crop circle, known as the "Mowing Devil," is shown on a woodcut from Hertfordshire, England. The inscription reads, "Being a True Relation of a Farmer, who Bargaining with a Poor Mower, about the Cutting down Three Half Acres of Oats: upon the Mower's asking too much, the Farmer swore That the Devil should Mow it rather than He. And so it fell out, that very Night, the Crop of Oat shew'd as if it had been all of a flame: but next Morning appear'd so neatly mow'd by the Devil or some Infernal Spirit, that no Mortal Man was able to do the like. Also, How the said Oats ly now in the Field, and the Owner has not Power to fetch them away."
Madame Le Voisin, innovator of modern Satanism, executed in Paris.
Tamanend, sachem and chief of the Lenni-Lenape tribe, welcomes William Penn to America, traditionally considered the beginning of the "Tammany Society".
The witchcraft trials in Salem, Massachusetts. 20 people are executed for witchcraft. Nineteen are hanged, not burned, and one is crushed under heavy stones.
Dr. O. Dapper wrote that the Congo was inhabited by "squirrels with tails much larger than those in Europe, bears, wild cats, and very venomous vipers...".
William III of Orange becomes king of England, allegedly through the plotting of the Illuminati.
One of the great early studies of Fairies was Robert Kirk's The Secret Common-Wealth. Kirk, a Presbyterian clergyman who served in Scotland's Highlands and who had a keen interest in the supernatural lore of the region, was convinced of the reality of fairies. After all, he asked, how could such a widespread belief, even if "not the tenth part true, yet could not spring of nothing?" He conducted his inquiries on the assumption that once he had enough information, he could accurately describe the nature of fairy life down to its smallest details. According to Kirk, fairies were of a "middle nature between man and angel" with bodies "somewhat of the nature of a condensed cloud." They dressed and spoke "like the people and country under which they live." Sometimes passing fairies could be heard but not seen. They traveled often, frequently through the air, could steal anything they liked (from food to human babies), and had no particular religion. Mortals with "second sight" (clairvoyance) were most likely to see them, since they were usually invisible to the human eye. In fact, the word "fairy" comes from a much earlier word, faierie, which meant a state of enchantment rather than an individual supernatural entity.
A skeleton found in a tomb near Angers, France, measured seventeen feet four inches.
Teleportations of human beings are not hard to find in folkloric and religious contexts. One early example of the former, recorded by the Rev. Robert Kirk in his classic work on seventeenth-century Scottish fairy traditions, The Secret Comnion-Wealth (1692), remarks on one unfortunate man's plight: His neighbours often perceaved this man to disappear at a certane Place, and about one Hour after to become visible, and discover himself near a Bowshot from the first Place. It was in that Place where he became invisible, said he, that the Subterraneans [fairies] did encounter and combate with him.
Calcutta is plagued by a man-eating tiger. Edmond Hoyle discovers it is a shapechanger and kills it.
"Kap Dwa" was allegedly a 12-foot tall two-headed giant, who lived in the 17th century, and was captured by Spanish sailors in 1693. It was said he had a pike driven through his heart after managing to kill four of his captors. Since then his stuffed body has been displayed at various sideshows in England from 1900 onwards, and in America since 1980.
November 4--Sighting of two UFOs over Hamburg, Germany. The objects were described as "two glowing wheels".
In the US, there is an 18th century Indian legend about luminous humanoid beings who paralyzed people with a small tube. In variations of these tales, Indian women were even said to have married a couple of these "star people".
Montanus, an eighteenth century writer on German folklore, told of wizards flying in the clouds, who were shot down.
Quietism of Fenelon and others.
Earliest record of "operative" or professional Masonic Lodge in Alnwick, England.
The London Lodges of Freemasonry unilaterally decide to cast off their vows of secrecy and go public. They are followed, sometimes unwillingly, by other Lodges all over the British Isles and western Europe. They are still a secret society, in that their rites and rituals are secret, but they have publicly acknowledged that they exist.
British King George I cracks down on the flourishing "Hell Fire Clubs", popular Satanist cults.
Anderson's Constitutions of the Freemasons published. Ebrietatis Enconium and other early anti-Masonic works published.
Publication of the anti-Masonic Grand Mysteries of the Freemasons Discovered.
Jonathan Swift in his book Gulliver's Travels, accurately "predicted" the previously unknown existence of the two moons of Mars (Phobos and Deimos). These were not discovered by telescope until 1877. There is no way Swift could have known the moons were real yet he described Phobos' orbital period as 10 hours (very close to the real figure of 7.6) and Deimos' as 21.5 (close to the real 30.2). Both seem to be very lucky guesses. How was Swift able to predict the existence of the moons and their attributes so well? Some have seriously suggested he had psychic powers.
Last official burning of a witch in Scotland.
Strange subterranean thundering noise phenomena has been reported since at least 1729 and even before by natives, centered near Mt. Tom and especially Cave Hill, six miles the NW near Leesville, Connecticut, where there is a cavern where witches once congregated that has not been fully penetrated to any great depth because of its "bad air".
Benjamin Franklin initiated into Freemasonry.
Franklin elected Grand Master of Pennsylvania.
Hans Egede, a Protestant missionary known as the Apostle of Greenland, recorded this 1734 manifestation, witnessed while he was on his second voyage to Greenland: "This Monster was of so huge a Size, that coming out of the Water, its Head reached as high as the Mast-Head; its Body was bulky as the Ship, and three or four times as long. It had a long pointed Snout, and spouted like a Whale-Fish; great broad Paws, and the Body seemed covered with shell-work, its skin very rugged and uneven. The under Part of its Body was shaped like an enormous huge Serpent, and when it dived again under Water, it plunged backwards into the Sea, and so raised its Tail aloft, which seemed a whole Ship's Length distant from the bulkiest part of its Body."
According to legend, Ms. Leeds of Burlington, New Jersey, gives birth to a baby boy but he transforms into a monster with the head of a horse, feet of a pig and the body of a snake.
Death of the last leader of the Afghan Illuminated Ones.
Ramsay asserts the Templar origin of Masonry.
Pope Clement XII issued a Papal Bull which stated that any Catholic who became a Mason would be excommunicated, a very serious punishment.
December 16--From an account by a Fellow of the Royal Society, England: "I was crossing St. James park when a light rose from behind the trees and houses, from the south and west, which at first I thought was a rocket of large size. But when it rose 20 degrees, it moved parallel to the horizon, but waved like this (the speaker drew an undulating line) and went on in the direction of north-by-east. It seemed very near. Its motion was very slow. I had it for about half a mile in view. A light flame was turned backwards by the resistance the air made to it. From one of burning charcoal. That end was a frame like bars of iron, and quite opaque in my sight. At one point on the longitudinal frame, or cylinder, it issued a train in the shape of a tail of light more bright at one point on the rod or cylinder; so that it was transparent for more than half of its length. The head of this strange object seemed about a half a degree in diameter and the tail near three degrees in length."
A man calling himself the Count of St. Germain turned up in Paris, looking about thirty, he claimed he was two thousand years old. He told the court that he had developed an elixir to keep him thirty forever. He graced many dinner tables, but would never eat; he said he never touched food but lived on his magic elixir. He did add that he had partaken of one wedding dinner-the one that Christ attended at Cana. He opened a scientific laboratory outside St. Antoine to various society visitors, but no one could figure out what he was doing. Even when the king of France gave him laboratory space at Versailles, they were no wiser. Nor Charles of Hesse-Cassel later. He told eighteenth-century Parisians that he had known Henry IV (1550-1610). If that was true, then perhaps he was also the man who scared Catherine de Medicis to death in 1589, for she was Henry's mother-in-law. An astrologer had told Catherine (1519-1589) "to beware of St. Germain," so the queen carefully avoided the Faubourg St. Germain, a district of Paris. Then she fell ill and sent for a priest to hear her confession. He appeared and announced that his name was St. Germain, and she dropped dead. He got involved in diplomatic intrigues and went on several confidential missions for the French king, journeying mysteriously to Vienna, Constantinople, Moscow, and other exotic capitals. In Paris, he made lots of friends, mostly ladies. They kept him so busy (he told Casanova, also an agent of Louis XV) that he didn't have time to invent the steamboat, but he would get to that in the next century. Meanwhile, he distributed to them a wash that took away wrinkles and warned Marie Antoinette of the impending revolution (she didn't believe him).
"Hell Fire Clubs" continue to flourish in Dublin and London.
In Rio de Janeiro, a modern-day researcher named Fawcett found a report of the long forgotten discovery by the Spanish in 1753 of the ruins of a monumental stone city; there was no record of it ever having been visited again. Given a 10-inch tall figure carved of black basalt, Fawcett had it evaluated by a psychometrist, one who claims he can divine an object's origin by holding it. Undoubtedly, he was told, it came from the lost continent of Atlantis, taken along when its inhabitants had fled destruction to find refuge and build a great city in the Brazilian wilderness. Since the name was unknown, Fawcett called it "Z" for convenience. A civilization older than Egypt's waited to be uncovered.
Fictional alchemist Joseph Curwen writes letter stating "I laste Nighte strucke on ye Wordes that bringe up Yooge-Sothothe," perhaps the real power behind the Illuminati.
Baron von Hund founds Templar Strict Observance, inspired, some say, by Frederick II of Prussia. For the first time there is talk of the Unknown Superiors. Some insinuate that the Unknown Superiors are Frederick and Voltaire.
First year of Swedenborg's "New Era."
A spell of unpopularity caught up with Saint Germain, and he moved to London for two years, perhaps serving as a spy for the English government.
While working in a new tin mine at Tregoney-on-Fal, in Cornwall, reports the Annual Register for 1761, a miner discovered a stone coffin on which some unrecognizable characters were inscribed. Inside the ancient eleven-foot-three-inch casket he saw the gigantic skeleton of a man, which, when exposed to the air, crumbled to dust-except for one tooth, which measured two and one-half inches in length.
August 9--First UFO photograph and a most unusual sighting was reported by Monsieur de Rostan, an amateur astronomer and member of the Medicophysical Society of Basel, Switzerland. On August 9, 1762, at Lausanne, Switzerland, he observed through a telescope a spindle-shaped object crossing and eclipsing the sun. Monsieur de Rostan was able to observe this object almost daily for close to a month. He also managed to trace its outline with a camera obscure and sent the picture to the Royal Academy of Sciences in Paris. Unfortunately, his image -- probably the first one ever obtained of a UFO -- no longer exists. A friend of Monsieur de Rostan, living at Sole near Basel, also observed the spindle-shaped object against the sun, but it seemed to present more of an edge and was not quite as broad. Oddly enough, the UFO was not visible to a third astronomer, a Monsieur Messier who studied the sun, during the same time, from Paris -- an indication that the object was not a sunspot, since it was visible only from certain angles.
In the mountains of Germany, a peasant couple left their three-year-old daughter lying asleep by a stream as they cut grass a short distance away. When they went to check on her, they were horrified to find her missing. A frantic search proved fruitless until a man passing by on the other side of the hill heard a child crying. As he went to investigate, he was startled at the sight of a huge eagle flying up before him. At the spot from which it had ascended, he found the little girl, her arm torn and bruised. When the child was reunited with her parents, they and her rescuer estimated that the bird had carried her well over 1,400 feet.
One of the most perplexing cryptozoological mysteries of all time, the Beast of Gévaudan was a cow-sized, wolf-like monster which terrorized the district of Gévaudan (Lozère), France, from 1764 until 1767. This tiny province, in the Margeride Mountains of south-central France, first became aware of the Beast in June, 1764. That month, a young woman was attacked by a large, wolf-like monster in the Forêt de Merçoire near Langogne. She was one of the few people who survived an encounter with la Bête, a creature which was, peculiarly, referred to in the feminine. In October of that year, two hunters came across the Beast and shot at it from close range. The Beast was hit a total of four times, but it seemed relatively untouched. A Capt. Duhamel, who commanded nearly 60 soldiers, began his own hunt for La Bête, and on several occasions wounded it--but it was still not killed. King Louis XV himself sent an experienced wolf-hunter named Denneval to Gévaudan to kill the Beast. Before Denneval himself managed to track down the Beast, a man named de la Chaumette saw the Beast near his home, near St.-Chely. He and his two brothers went out to a pasture in hopes of killing the Beast. They shot it twice, but it still didn't die. In June, 1765, Denneval gave up his hunt. The previous month, King Louis sent out his chief gun-carrier, Antoine de Beauterne. On September 21, he launched a hunt in the Béal Ravine, near Pommier. He shot what he believed was the Beast. It was an extremely large wolf, 6 feet long. De Beauterne's kill was preserved up until this century in the Museum of Natural History in Paris. But the killings still continued. In the summer of 1767, hundreds of peasants made pilgrimages to Notre-Dame de Beaulieu Cathedral near Mount Chauvet to pray for deliverance from the creature, which was widely believed to be either punishment sent by God, or possibly a loup-garou (werewolf). One of the peasants who went to the cathedral was a hermit named Jean Chastel. He had his rifle and three bullets blessed. On June 19, 1767, an area noble organized a huge hunt, with more than 300 participants. Chastel, at the Sogne d'Aubert, waited for the Beast to appear, praying all the while. When it appeared, he shot it. Finally, it died. What was the Beast? The French peasants of the area believed it to be some sort of demon, but an English account from about the same time said the Beast was most likely a member of "a new species", which they said was a hybrid of tiger and hyena. Learned men believed it to have been a wolverine, a bear, or even a baboon.
Illumines of France founded.
Edward Bancroft's An Essay on the Natural History of Guiana makes mention of what might be the a species of South American mystery hominids when he recounts tribal superstitions that creatures "near five feet in height, maintaining an erect position, and having a human form, thinly covered with short, black hair" dwelt in the forest.
In Staffordshire, England, a laborer moved a large flat stone he encountered in a field while digging a trench, beneath which he discovered a descending stone staircase which he followed deep into the earth, finding that the staircase switch-backed now and then until he emerged into a large underground chamber several hundred feel below that was filled with strange objects and large machines and illuminated by a strange ever-luminous sphere which revealed a man on a throne like chair, dressed in a hooded robe. The man in the chair saw the intruder and stood up with a baton like object in his hand as he went over to the luminous sphere and smashed it, plunging the cavern into darkness, as the laborer stumbled back up to the surface in surprise and terror. The story spread that one of the secret chambers where the Rosicrucians hoarded their scientific secrets had been discovered, i.e. the "Rosicrucius Sepulchre".
Alleged meeting of Meyer Rothschild and others to plan a world revolution.
July 21--Pope Clement XIV "forever annulled and extinguished the Jesuit Order." France, Spain and Portugal had independently come to realize that the Jesuits were meddling in the affairs of the state and were therefore enemies of the government. The Pope's action was a response to pressure applied by the monarchies.
Casanova becomes secret agent for the Inquisitors of Venice.
Adam Weishaupt, a professor of canon law at the University of Ingolstadt in Bavaria, started the "Order of the Illuminati" on May 1, 1776, originally calling it the "Order of Perfectibilists". Weishaupt (born a Jew and "converted" to Roman Catholicism) was a former Jesuit priest (the Jewish military arm of the Catholic Church) who broke with that Order to form his own organization. His plan was to use the Grand Orient Lodges of Europe as a filtering mechanism through which to screen out talent and build a hierarchy of inner circles. Like the Mafia of today, only the inner circle could be trusted with the true purpose of the Order.
Franklin becomes ambassador to France, is affiliated with French Masonic lodges.
Opening of Freemasons' Hall, permanent headquarters of English Masonry.
Cagliostro initiated into Masonry.
The first written record of the mysterious creature called mokele mbembe (literally, "stopper of rivers") appears in a book written in 1776 by French priest Abbé Lievain Bonaventure Proyart describing the natural history of the Congo Basin of Africa. He described a creature "which was not seen but which must have been monstrous: the marks of the claws were noted on the ground, and these formed a print about three feet in circumference."
Weishaupt joins Munich Freemason Lodge of the "Order of Good Council".
Washington has his mystical vision of the future of the United States while at Valley Forge.
Franklin assists in initiation of Voltaire into Masonic Lodge of Paris.
Masonic Convention in Lyons organizes "Knights of Beneficence".
The crew of the American gunship Protector had an extraordinary encounter in Penobscot Bay. One of the witnesses was an 18-year-old ensign, Edward Preble, who would go on to become a commoclore and a notable figure in U.S. naval history. In his biography of Preble, James Fenimore Cooper recounts this event: The day was clear and calm, when a large serpent was discovered outside the ship. The animal was lying on the water quite motionless. After inspecting it with the glasses for some time, Capt. [John Foster] Williams ordered Preble to man and arm a large boat, and endeavor to destroy the creature; or at least to go as near to it as he could.... The boat thus employed pulled twelve oars, and carried a swivel in its bows, besides having its crew armed as boarders. Preble shoved off, and pulled directly towards the monster. As the boat neared it, the serpent raised its head about ten feet above the surface of the water, looking about it. It then began to move slowly away from the boat. Preble pushed on, his men pulling with all their force, and the animal being at no great distance, the swivel was discharged loaded with bullets. The discharge produced no other effect than to quicken the speed of the monster, which soon ran the boat out of sight.
Illuminati begins rapid growth.
Weishaupt dispatched the Marquis de Costanzo to propagate Illuminism in the north.
First use of the title "Odd Fellows".
"Order of the Brotherhood of Asia", Rosicrucian off-shoot, founded.
May--Report from Capt. George Little of the frigate Boston: In May, 1780, 1 was lying in Round Pond, in Broad Bay [off the Maine coast], in a public armed ship. At sunrise, I discovered a huge Serpent, or monster, coming down the Bay, on the surface of the water. The cutter was manned and armed. I went myself in the boat, and proceeded after the Serpent. When within a hundred feet, the mariners were ordered to fire on him, but before they could make ready, the Serpent dove. He was not less than from 45 to 50 feet in length; the largest diameter of his body, I should judge, 15 inches; his head nearly the size of that of a man, which he carried four or five feet above the water. He wore every appearance of a common black snake.
Weishaupt seeks abortion for his sister-in-law while awaiting dispensation to marry her.
United Masonic Lodges of Hamburg headed by Fraximus, a secret Rosicrucian.
President Hanson commissions the "Eye in the Pyramid" Great Seal.
A Masonic congress was assembled at Wilhelmsbad in 1782, under the presidency of the Duke of Brunswick, who was anxious to end the discord reigning among German Freemasons. It was attended by Masons from Europe, America, and Asia. At the Congress of Wilhelmsbad, an alliance between Illuminism and Freemasonry was finally sealed. This pact joined together all the leading secret societies of the day and united "not less than 3 million members all over the world." The actual effect of this merger on the subsequent history of the world has never been appreciated by historians. Most of which have belonged to one or the other of the secret societies and have sworn not to expose its secrets.
Casanova retires as secret agent.
Ex-Illuminati Utschneider sends letter denouncing the Order to monarch of Bavaria.
"Rite of Swedenborg" founded by Marquis de Throne.
"Eclectic Rite" founded by Baron Knigge in Frankfort.
Windsor Castle, England: Members of the Royal Academy reported and illustrated the UFO they witnessed.
August 18--A UFO sighting occurred at 9:45pm in the evening when four witnesses on the terrace of Windsor Castle observed a luminous object in the skies of the Home Counties of England. The sighting was recorded the following year in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, who relates what witnesses observed: "An oblong cloud moving more or less parallel to the horizon. Under this cloud could be seen a luminous object which soon became spherical, brilliantly lit, which came to a halt; this strange sphere seemed at first to be pale blue in color but then its luminosity increased and soon it set off again towards the East. Then the object changed direction and moved parallel to the horizon before disappearing to the South-East; the light it gave out was prodigious; it lit us everything on the ground."
Bavarian Monarch Carl Theodore outlaws secret societies.
Elector of Bavaria suppressed the Illuminati Order by edict, June 22, 1784, many Illuminati being imprisoned and some, including Weishaupt, being forced to flee the country.
A Swiss man standing nine feet high exhibited himself to astonished patrons at Vienna, says the Gentleman's Magazine for that year.
Cagliostro moves to Lyons from Bordeaux to found the Mother Lodge of Egyptian Masonry.
Royal Commission in Paris, including Franklin and Guillotine as members, investigates Mesmerism and returns a negative report.
Saint Germain purportedly dies in Schleswig, where he was in the magic business with Landgrave Charles of Hesse-Cassel. Or did he?
Four more leading members of the Illuminati left the Society and testified before a Court of Inquiry called by the Elector of Bavaria. Their startling evidence removed all doubt regarding the Satanic nature of Illuminism. As a result, Weishaupt flees to Gotha; new edicts in March and August outlaw Illuminati and Freemasonry in Bavaria.
Public attention was first drawn to the existence of the Illuminati and their diabolical plan for world conquest as the result of a bizarre accident in 1785. History records that a courier for the Illuminati, named Lanze, was racing on horseback from Frankfurt to Paris carrying documents relating to Illuminati activities in general, and specific instructions for the planned French Revolution in particular. He was killed by lightning and his papers fell into government hands.
French "Diamond Necklace" affair, orchestrated by Cagliostro. Dumas describes it as Masonic plot to discredit the monarchy.
Rosicrucian Order suppressed in Austria. Anonymous pamphlet appears in Germany revealing secrets of ancient Egyptian ceremonies.
The Columbian Lodge of the Order of the Illuminati was established in New York City in 1785. Members included Governor DeWitt Clinton, and later Clinton Roosevelt, Charles Dana and Horace Greeley.
Wisdom Lodge founded in Virginia.
Secret congress in Frankfort where Louis XVI and Gustavus III of Sweden condemned to die by Illuminati.
Italian Illuminatus Buonarroti's library of Masonic and subversive books confiscated by state authorities.
The "German Union" (extension of outlawed Bavarian Illuminati) founded by Bahrdt.
Swedenborgian Church founded in London.
Both the Gentleman's Magazine, in November, and the Annual Register for the same year reported that while English workers were removing a ridge of limestone and rubbish in the lime quarries near Fullwell-hills, close to Durham, they unearthed a human skeleton nine feet six inches long with some teeth still in the skull.
Bavarian edict against "Reading Societies".
The Annual Register for 1790 informed its readers that in July of that year some workers in a peat bog at Donnadea, near the seat of Sir Fitzgerald Aylmer, uncovered at a depth of seventeen feet the sepulchre of an Irish chieftain. Inside the coffin they found an eight-foot-two-inch skeleton with a seven-foot spear at his side. The sepulchre, according to local tradition, was built after the introduction of Christianity into Ireland.
Summer-- French Police Inspector Liabeuf witnessed and investigated a large red globe as it flew over farmland. The globe landed and a man came out and spoke in a language none understood. The globe then exploded and the man disappeared. The event was witnessed by many and is well documented.
June 12--A strange entity witnessed by a crowd of people in Alencon, France. It was said that at around that time a large metal sphere descended from the sky and crash landed into a nearby hillside. After a crowd had gathered, a "hatch" slid open and a being emerged dressed in an odd tight fitting costume. It mumbled something in a strange language, before bolting off towards some nearby woods. Seconds later the sphere exploded, fragments of which were said to have "sizzled" on the grass and melted. A wide search of the area yielded no further sign of the mysterious visitor.
Napoleon joins the "Jacobin Club".
Burr begins converting "Tammany Society" into a political machine.
The anonymous Life of Joseph Balsamo (Joseph Basalmo was Cagliostro's name before he joined the Masons), first recorded link of the Illuminati and the French Revolution, appears in several European countries.
Mozart's The Magic Flute, containing Masonic elements, performed.
The French Blue Diamond mysteriously vanishes.
Louis XVI imprisoned in the Templars Temple tower.
First Swedenborgian church in America.
Catherine II outlaws Masonry in Russia.
Johann Rockerfeller of Germany comes to the USA, probably the deadliest immigrant America will ever know. Not because he was a German but because he was a German racist with some very dangerous international banking cult connections.
Robespierre's enemies accuse him of attempting to have himself declared divine by Catherine Theot, an old woman who preached a mystery religion; Robespierre guillotined.
Dr Sigismund Bacstrom was initiated into a "Societas Roseae Crucis" by Comte Louis de Chazal, on the island of Mauritius.
Daniel McGiniss discovers a clearing on Oak Island, where he figured must be some buried treasure. He returned the next day with John Smith and Anthony Vaughan. They only manage to dig down 30'.
The first real "break" as far as inside information on the Illuminati is concerned, came when Professor John Robison, working undercover in the Illuminati organization, came out and wrote a startling book entitled Proofs of A Conspiracy. Nearly all of what is currently known about the early Illuminati comes from Robison's book giving us a clear-cut picture of the organization.
John Adams, who had been instrumental in organizing Masonic Lodges in New England, decided to oppose Thomas Jefferson in his bid for the presidency. He made a major issue of the fact that Jefferson, who had been minister to France, 1785-1789, and was frankly sympathetic to the Illuminist-fomented Reign of Terror, was using Masonic lodges for subversive purposes.
Germany, Dresden and Berlin: A bright light irregular in form and the size of the moon was seen in the sky above. A large detonation was heard and a dark bituminous substance fell to earth.
July 19--David Pappen, President of Harvard University issued a strong warning to the graduating class and lectured them on the influence Illuminsm was having on the American scene. President Timothy Dwight of Yale University issued a similar warning.
September 9--A "beautiful ball blazing with white light,..." was seen at 8:30 P.M. in England. It made no sound, and red sparks flew from it.
November 12, a "large red pillar of fire" was seen in the sky going south in Hereford, England. It was preceded by "flashes of extremely vivid electrical sort". Other object were seen between 5 and 6 A.M. leaving luminous trails behind them.
In the 1800's, two trappers reportedly discovered a cave in the Guadellupe Mountains of New Mexico, which they followed to a considerable depth. Hiding behind a large outcropping of rock they observed in fascination and horror a procession of beings in dark hooded robes enter a large cavern and began to chant, at which a "crystal like" entity descended from the stalactites above, hovered and in a multi-colored display communicated with the beings in some type of xylophone-like manner, until it once again ascended and was lost among the stalactites above, at which the procession descended downward through the passage from which they had emerged.
Death of Thomas Waley, one of the last "Hell Fire Club" leaders.
Napoleon comes to power, allegedly through Illuminati manipulation.
Francis Barret who greatly inspired Eliphas Levi wrote The Magus which contains also a great number of magic formula.
Fish ejected from volcano Cotopaxi in the North Andes.
McGinnis, Smith and Vaughan return to Oak Island, with Simeon Lynds. At 100' they reach the probable site of the chests. They leave it alone for the night, by the time they return everything is flooded.
Lynds and Smith dig a second pit and tunnel in from the side, attempting to drain the water out. They are lucky to survive.
1805 to 1881
Life of Auguste Blanqui, French socialist, founder of numerous secret societies modeled after Buonarroti.
The great Mammoth Cave in Edmondson County, Kentucky, was discovered only in 1809. Bodies of an unknown race reputed to antedate the Indians (giant descendents?) were found in its recesses with reed torches beside them, but all crumbled to powder when touched.
One of the earliest recorded sightings of Sasquatch by a white man occurred near what is now Jasper, Alberta by a fur trader named David Thompson.
July--An Italian journal reported that in the valley of Mazara in Sicily the skeleton of a man ten feet and three inches in length was dug up. It was noted that several other human skeletons of gigantic size had previously been found in the same area.
Secret societies which eventually become the "Decembrist Movement" formed in Russian Masonic lodges.
Charles Nodier, an alleged Grand Master of the "Priory of Sion", published anonymously one of his most curious and influential works, A History of Secret Societies in the Army under Napoleon. It develops a comprehensive philosophy of secret societies. And it credits such societies with a number of historical accomplishments, including the downfall of Napoleon.
Suppression of the "Lodge of Jupiter the Thunderer" begins.
The Leixlip churchyard yielded to diggers the skeleton of a man not less than ten feet high. According to local tradition, the giant Phelim O'Tool was buried in that same churchyard some thirteen hundred years earlier.
Irish immigrants force entry into "Tammany Society", changing its direction.
August 12, 13, and 14--Reports from Solomon Allen III: 1 have seen a strange marine animal, that I believe to be a serpent, in the harbor in ... Gloucester. I should judge him to be between eighty and ninety feet in length, and about the size of a half barrel.... I was about 150 yards from him.... His head formed something like the head of a rattlesnake, but nearly as large as the head of a horse. When he moved on the surface of the water, his motion was slow, at times playing about in circles, and sometimes moving nearly straight forward. When he disappeared, he sunk [sic] apparently down.
American "Independent Order of Odd Fellows" founded.
Founding of "National Freemasonry", the most important of several Polish secret societies devoted to ousting the Russians from Poland.
June 6--Report from Hawkins Wheeler: I had a fair and distinct view of the creature, and from his appearance am satisfied that it was of the serpent kind. The creature was entirely black; the head, which perfectly resembled a snake's, was elevated from four to seven feet above the surface of the water, and his back appeared to be composed of bunches or humps, apparently about as large as, or a little larger than, a half barrel; I think I saw as many as ten or twelve.... I considered them to be caused by the undulatory motion of the animal-the tail was not visible, but from the head to the last hump that could be seen, was, I should judge, 50 feet.
August 14--Report from Samuel Cabot: My attention was suddenly arrested by an object emerging from the water at the distance of about one hundred or one hundred and fifty yards, which gave to my mind at the first glance the idea of a horse's head.... I perceived at a short distance eight or ten regular bunches or protuberances, and at a short interval three or four more.... The Head ... was serpent shaped; it was elevated about two feet from the water.... He could not be less than eighty feet long.
A formation of flying objects crossed the French town of Embrun. Francois Arago wrote of this date in the Annales de chimie et de physique: "Numerous observers have seen, during an eclipse of the moon, strange objects moving in straight lines. They were equally spaced and remained in line when they made turns. Their movements made a military precision."
Russian government suppresses Masonry.
Charles Babbage demonstrates a prototype of his "Difference Engine" to the Royal Astronomical Society. He continues his work by designing an even more ambitious project "the Analytical Engine" that reportedly was to use punch cards inspired by Joseph Jacquard's invention. During his lifetime he never produces a functional version of either machine. Despite this shortcoming he is often heralded as the "Father of the Computer" and his work lives on as the foundation for the binary numbering system that is the basis of modern computers.
Document from court of Vienna to French government denounces secret associations like the Absolutes, the Independents, the Alta Vendita Carbonara.
"Decembrist Movement" suppressed in Russia after brief uprising.
Sailors in the English Channel reported seeing a gray, torpedo-shaped object flying overhead.
June 16-- The American ship Silas Richards was sailing off St. George's Bank south of Nova Scotia at 6:30 P.M. on June 16, 1826, when its captain, Henry Holdredge, and a passenger, Englishman William Warburton, saw a most peculiar sight: an enormous, many-humped snakelike creature slowly approaching the vessel. Warburton raced to inform the other passengers, who were below deck, but only a handful responded. Warburton recalled, "The remainder refused to come up, saying there had been too many hoaxes of that kind already."
Tammany Society backs Andrew Jackson for President.
Anti-Masonic Party founded, first third-party in America.
May 26--Kaspar Hauser mysteriously appears on the streets of Nuremberg.
Alleged Illuminati meeting in New York decides to unite Atheists and Nihilists into Communist movement.
June--Olaf Jansen of Sweden with his father Jens Jansen left Stockholm to take an extended fishing and pleasure voyage. They sailed to Spitzbergen, Norway getting their first view of icebergs. Leaving Wijade Bay on June 23, they sailed to Hinlopen Strait and along the rocky coast of Franz Josef Land. After sailing for 24 hours, they came to a beautiful inlet where the air was unseasonably warm. In front of them they saw an open sea. Both father and son, having a love of the sea and a spirit of adventure, decided in that moment to explore this unknown sea. They turned the bow of their boat in a northerly direction and continued on. After three days, they encountered a fierce storm with high winds and spiraling whirlpools. A mist settled around their boat as they struggled to keep it afloat. Suddenly they were in calm waters; the storm had passed. As the mist cleared, the first light they noticed was a sun that was shining on them from an apparent southern latitude rather than from the North as they would expect. Tasting some drops of water that splashed on their hand, they discovered it was fresh water. Their story goes on to relate many unusual climate and compass irregularities. The compass needle continued to point north, although Olaf and Jens knew they had sailed over the curve or edge of the Earth After being ridiculed and laughed at in his homeland for relating his experiences, a demoralized Olaf moved to America in 1889. In the last years of his life he met and confided in a neighbor, who was a writer. The book about his experiences was written by Willis George Emerson of Los Angeles. It was published by Forbes and Company in Chicago in 1908. (The Smoky God: A Voyage to the Inner World) Olaf Jansen had died just a few weeks earlier.
Anti-Masonic conventions in Massachusetts and Vermont find evidence linking Masonry with Illuminism.
Book of Mormon published.
Writing in the Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, B. H. Hodgson, British Resident of the court of Nepal, made what may be the first reference in English to a strange biped in the Himalayas. He related that as they were collecting specimens in a northern Nepal province, his native hunters encountered an erect, tailless creature with long, dark hair all over its body. Taking it to be a demon, they fled in terror. Hodgson took it to be an orangutan.
Soldiers digging at Lompock Rancho, California, discovered a male skeleton 12 feet tall. The skeleton was surrounded by caved shells, stone axes, other artifacts. The skeleton had double rows of upper and lower teeth. Unfortunately, this body was secretly buried because the local Indians became upset about the remains.
December 17--Kaspar Hauser dies of wounds received in a mysterious stabbing.
The socialist "League of the Just" founded in Paris, later becoming the Marxist "Communist League".
In the French coastal town of Cherbourg what was a described as a "gleaming aerial vessel" was seen in the sky overhead.
October--Polly Adams is attacked at the Blackheath Fair by Spring Heeled Jack.
A little girl, five years old, called Marie Delex, was playing with one of her companions on a mossy slope of a mountain in the French Alps, when all at once an eagle swooped down upon her and carried her away in spite of the cries and presence of her young friend. Some peasants, hearing the screams, hastened to the spot but sought in vain for the child, for they found nothing but one of her shoes on the edge of a precipice. The child was not carried to the eagle's nest, where only two eaglets were seen surrounded by heaps of goat and sheep bones. It was not until two months later that a shepherd discovered the corpse of Marie Delex, frightfully mutilated, and lying upon a rock half a league from where she had been borne off.
January 9--The Lord Mayor of London reveals the existence of a "citizen of Peckham" who has been frightening women.
February 18--Lucy and Margaret Scales are attacked by Spring Heeled Jack in Limehouse.
The 222 ton ship Rosalie was found deserted but in ship shape near the Bahamas, a victim of the Bermuda Triangle mystery.
According to an account he gave to a local historian, a Stowmarket, England, man was passing through a meadow on his way home when he saw fairies in the moonlight, "There might be a dozen of them, the biggest about three feet high, and small ones like dolls. Their dresses sparkled as if with spangles.... They were moving round hand in hand in a ring, no noise came from them. They seemed light and shadowy, not like solid bodies. I passed on, saying, the Lord have mercy on me, but them must be the fairies, and being alone then on the patch over the field could seem them as plain as I do you. I looked after them when I got over the style, and they were there, just the same moving round and round. I ran home and called three women to come back with me and see them. But when we got to the place they were all gone. I could not make out any particular things about theirfaces. I might be 40 rods from them and I did not like to stop and stare at them. I was quite sober at the time."
Bahai religion begins when the Bab proclaims his mission in Persia.
June 18-- According to the Malta Times " .we find the brigantine Victoria some 900 miles east of Adalia, when her crew saw three luminous bodies emerge from the sea into the air. They were visible for ten minutes, flying a half mile from the ship." There were other witnesses who saw this same UFO phenomena from Adalia, Syria and Malta. The luminous bodies each displayed an apparent diameter larger than the size of the full moon.
July 28--At 3:30 A.M., near Stralsund (then part of Pomerania and now Germany). During a short walk from the city on the Baltic shore, witnesses saw in a pale blue light the image of Stralsund looming over the Isle of Rugen on the opposite shore for a period of 15 minutes. The image was clear enough that details of the facade of the Gothic church of St. Mary could be "distinguished with ease."
September 27--During the exhibition of a panoramic model of Edinburgh, in the Zoological Gardens at Liverpool, about 3 P.M., an erect image of Edinburgh, depicted on the clouds over Liverpool, was seen by two residents in the Great Park at Birkenhead, for a period of forty minutes." Edinburgh is about 325 kilometers north of Liverpool.
Marx and Engles publish the Communist Manifesto (allegedly commissioned by the Illuminati) and travel in France and Germany encouraging discontent with the Establishment.
Spiritualism born in Wayne County, New York, when the teenaged Fox sisters communicate with poltergeists.
Fortean tidbits: moon turns "blood-red" during total eclipse; a great comet fails to return at the time predicted; visions and "phantom soldiers" seen in the skies of France and Scotland.
August 6--The most famous sea-serpent report of all time. The witnesses were the captain and crew of the frigate Daedalus, on their way back to England from the Cape of Good Hope. Soon after its arrival at Plymouth on October 4, several newspapers reported rumors of a spectacular 20-minute sea-serpent sighting, and the Admiralty asked Peter M'Quhae, the captain, to supply a report either denying or detailing the incident. On the eleventh M'Quhae wrote Adm. Sir W. H. Gage a letter which the Times of London reprinted two days later. It reads in part: The object ... was discovered to be an enormous serpent, with head and shoulders kept about four feet constantly above the surface of the sea, and as nearly as we could approximate by comparing it with the length of what our main-topsail yard would show in the water, there was at the very least 60 feet of the animal [above water], no portion of which was, to our perception, used in propelling it through the water, either by vertical or horizontal undulation. It passed rapidly, but so close under our lee quarter, that had it been a man of my acquaintance, I should easily have recognized his features with the naked eye; and it did not, either in approaching the ship or after it passed our wake, deviate in the slightest degree from its course to the S.W., which it held on at the pace of from 12 to 15 miles per hour, apparently on some determined purpose. The diameter of the serpent was about 15 or 16 inches behind the head, which was, without any doubt, that of a snake, and it was never, during the 20 minutes that it continued in sight of our glasses, once below the surface of the water; its color a dark brown, with yellowish white about the throat. It had no fins, but something like the mane of a horse, or rather a bunch of seaweed, washed about its back. It was seen by the quartermaster, the boatswain's mate, and the man at the wheel, in addition to myself and officers above mentioned. The Zoologist soon afterwards published the private notes of another witness, Lt. Edgar Drummond, who confirmed M'Quhae's account in all particulars but one. What M'Quhae had called a mane Drummond deemed a dorsal fin. Ten years later another officer recalled the incident in a letter to the Times. "My impression," he wrote, "was that it was rather of a lizard than a serpentine character, as its movement was steady and uniform, as if propelled by fins, not by any undulatory power."
Anthony Vaughan returns to Oak Island with the Truro Syndicate. They dig numerous shafts, bore several holes and get ripped off by their foreman.
A female Alma is captured in the Ochamchir region. She resembled a Neanderthal rather than a human, with unusual features and a full coat of hair from head to toe. She was also very powerful, and could easily outrun even horses, and swim across fast flowing rivers. While in captivity she gave birth to several children, who were also physically tougher than normal and dark skinned, but with no other apparent unusual characteristics. She was named "Zama". (She is able to bear children fathered by humans).
The Truro Syndicate uncovers the drain system that keeps flooding the pit.
The most numerous vitrified remains in the New World are located in the western United States. In this year, the American explorer Captain Ives William Walker was the first to view some of these ruins, situated in Death Valley. He discovered a city about a mile long, with the lines of the streets and the positions of the buildings still visible. At the center he found a huge rock, between 20 to 30 feet high, with the remains of an enormous structure atop it. The southern side of both the rock and the building was melted and vitrified. Walker assumed that a volcano had been responsible for this phenomenon, but there is no volcano in the area. In addition, tectonic heat could not have caused such a liquefication of the rock surface. An associate of Captain Walker who followed up his initial exploration commented: "The whole region between the rivers Gila and San Juan is covered with remains. The ruins of cities are to be found there which must be most extensive, and they are burnt out and vitrified in part, full of fused stones and craters caused by fires which were hot enough to liquefy rock or metal. There are paving stones and houses torn with monstrous cracks [as though they had] been attacked by a giant's fire-plough." These vitrified ruins in Death Valley sound fascinating--but do they really exist? There certainly is evidence of ancient civilizations in the area. In Titus Canyon, petroglyphs and inscriptions have been scratched into the walls by unknown prehistoric hands. Some experts think the graffiti might have been made by people who lived here long before the Indians we know of, because extant Indians know nothing of the glyphs and, indeed, regard them with superstitious awe.
February 7-- Among the world's great mysteries is the case of the devil's footprints. Unfortunately, the documentation is not entirely satisfactory, but no one disputes that something out of the ordinary took place just after a snowfall on the night of February 7,1855, in Devonshire, England. As The Times of London reported: "Considerable sensation has been evoked in the towns of Topsham, Lympstone, Exmouth, Teignmouth, and Dawlish, in the south of Devon, in consequence of the discovery of a vast number of foot-tracks of a most strange and mysterious description. The superstitious go so far as to believe that they are the marks of Satan himself; and that great excitement has been produced among all classes may be judged from the fact that the subject has been descanted on from the pulpit. It appears that on Thursday night last there was a very heavy fall of snow in the neighborhood of Exeter and the south of Devon. On the following morning, the inhabitants of the above towns were surprised at discovering the tracks of some strange and mysterious animal, endowed with the power of ubiquity, as the foot-prints were to be seen in all kinds of inaccessible places-on the tops of houses and narrow walls, in gardens and courtyards enclosed by high walls and palings, as well as in open fields. There was hardly a garden in Lympstone where the foot-prints were not observed. The track appeared more like that of a biped than a quadruped, and the steps were generally eight inches in advance of each other. The impressions of the feet closely resembled that of a donkey's shoe, and measured from an inch and a half to (in some instances) two and a half inches across. Here and there it appeared as if cloven, but in the generality of the steps the shoe was continuous, and, from the snow in the center remaining entire, merely showing the outer crest of the foot, it must have been convex (concave?). The creature seems to have approached the doors of several houses and then to have retreated, but no one has been able to discover the standing or resting point of this mysterious visitor. On Sunday last the Rev. Mr. Musgrave alluded to the subject in his sermon, and suggested the possibility of the footprints being those of a kangaroo; but this could scarcely have been the case, as they were found on both sides of the estuary of the Exe. At present it remains a mystery, and many superstitious people in the above towns are actually afraid to go outside their doors after night." The Times had nothing more to say on the subject. The most detailed accounts, in fact virtually the only detailed accounts, are to be found in letters to the editor of Illustrated London News from locals who reported on what they saw, heard about, or believed about the enigmatic prints, which covered some 100 miles over a zigzag course. Of a general horseshoe shape, each track was, correspondents claimed, exactly eight and a half inches apart. Then and later theorists would offer all kinds of candidates for print-maker: mouse, rat, swan, rabbit, deer, badger, otter, toad, donkey, and kangaroo. But if the accounts-never investigated by any independent authority-of what the tracks looked like and where they went are accurate, none of these candidates works.
Report from Louisiana, Shreveport: "Our attention was called to a strange light in the heavens. On going out into the gallery we had a magnificent view of it. It appeared to the naked eye, about 300 yards in length, extending from north to west appearing just above the tallest trees. Its color was that of a red hot stove from the center beautiful rays resembling those of the sun drawing water would ascend to a considerable height, the whole presenting a very beautiful and sublime appearance. We watched it for about an hour without perceiving it to change any."
Jacolliot writes about the Nine Unknown in Calcutta.
A shipwrecked Danish sailor in the Indian Ocean reported seeing a strange aircraft as large as a battleship with four huge wings. This object was seen to crash into a cliff and was destroyed.
Assassination of Lincoln; Andrew Johnson becomes president; "Booth" killed; coded message found among his effects; the code key later found in possession of Benjamin, alleged Rothschild agent.
New evidence suggests that an alien spacecraft crashed in the Cadotte Pass area of Missouri sometime in September of 1865. The man discovering the crashed UFO was a fur trapper named James Lumley, who told newspapers he saw a "bright, luminous body in the heavens" suddenly burst into flames in the middle of the night. The day after the sighting, Lumley reportedly discovered a bizarre giant stone-like object about two miles from his camp that was decorated with weird hieroglyphics Newspapers from the time report that the giant "space rock" was so fragile that it blew to bits before Lumley could take it to scientists for an examination.
Mid September--A UFO crashed in what was to become the state of Montana.
"Ku Klux Klan" founded as a social club in Pulaski, Tennessee.
Death of Phineas Quimby, magnetic healer, founder of Free Thought movement, teacher of Mary Baker Eddy.
Ku Klux Klan reorganized along political and racial lines near Nashville, Tennessee.
David Macdill's Secret Societies.
English Rosicrucian Society founded by Wentworth Little. Little was in contact with the German Rosicrucians. He recruited his followers, to the number of 144, from the ranks of the higher-ranking Freemasons.
Chile, Copiago: A strange "aerial construction bearing lights and making engine noises" flew low over this town. Local people also described it as a giant bird covered with large scales producing a metallic noise. Although not an actual landing, this is the first instance of close observation of an unknown object at low altitude in the nineteenth century.
A Tippah County, Mississippi, school teacher recorded the following in the fall of 1868: "A sad casualty occurred at my school a few days ago. The eagles have been very troublesome in the neighborhood for some time past, carrying off pigs, lambs, &c. No one thought that they would attempt to prey upon children; but on Thursday, at recess, the little boys were out some distance from the house, playing marbles, when their sport was interrupted by a large eagle sweeping down and picking up little Jemmie Kenney, a boy of eight years, and when I got out of the house, the eagle was so high that I could just hear the child screaming. The eagle was induced to drop his victim; but his talons had been buried in him so deeply, and the fall was so great, that he was killed-or either would have been fatal."
July 25/26 -1868 - A UFO over Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. A local surveyor was invited to board this incredible flying machine by its strange pilot. (Marsfield -Sydney-N.S.W.-Named after the craft landed on the ground near Ryde,)- There were marks on the ground where the UFO landed. - Burn marks...The suburb was named "Marsfield" after the "Men from Mars" as was typical for the 1800's.
St. Germain allegedly completes 85 years in the Himalayas after his "death."
Tennessee, Ashland: A whirlwind came along over the neighboring woods, taking up small branches and leaves of trees and burring them in a sort of flaming cylinder that traveled at a rate of about five miles an hour, developing size as it traveled. It passed directly over the spot where a team of horses were feeding and singed their manes and tails up to the roots; it then swept towards the house, taking a stack of hay in its course. It seemed to increase in heat as it went, and by the time it reached the house it immediately fired the shingles from end to end of the building, so that in ten minutes the whole dwelling was wrapped in flames. The tall column of traveling caloric then continued its course over a wheat field that had been recently cradled, setting fire to all the stacks that happened to be in its course. Passing from the field, its path lay over a stretch of woods, which reached the river. The green leaves on the trees were crisped to a cinder for a breadth of 20 yards, in a straight line to the Cumberland. When the "pillar of fire" reached the water, it suddenly changed its route down the river, raising a column of steam which went up to the clouds for about half-a-mile, when it finally died out. Not less than 200 people witnessed this strangest of strange phenomena, and all of them tell substantially the same story about it. From Symon's Monthly Meteorological Magazine, 1869
Mazzini and Pike reached an agreement for the creation of the new supreme rite, to be called the New and Reformed Palladian Rite. Pike was to be called the Sovereign Pontiff of Universal Freemasonry, and Mazzini was to be called Sovereign Chief of Political Action. Pike was to draw up the statutes and grades.
A "monster bird, something like the condor of Sinbad the Sailor," landed on a barn owned by James Pepples in rural Stanford, Kentucky. Pepples fired on the creature, wounding it, and took it into captivity. A contemporary press account says, "On measurement, the bird proved to be seven feet from tip to tip. It was of a black color, and both similar and dissimilar in many ways, to an eagle." Nothing is known of its fate.
Colonel James Churchward, a former Bengal Lancer and a big game hunter, announced he had learned of a lost continent named Mu, once located in the Pacific Ocean with its center just south of the equator. Churchward said he learned this from secret, ancient clay and stone tablets hidden in India, which had been revealed to him by a Hindu priest.
A correspondent to a California newspaper, the Antioch Ledger, reported that the year before, he had seen a "gorilla, or wild man, or whatever you choose to call it," in the bush. Its head, he wrote, "appeared to be set on [the creature's] shoulders without a neck--a detail echoed by virtually every modern witness. On the other hand, the correspondent mentioned a decidedly uncharacteristic anatomical feature: "very short legs." If this animal existed outside the writer's imagination, it may well have been a (presumably escaped) gorilla; it could also have been a chimpanzee.
March 22--From the log account of a ship's captain, F. W. Banner: In the equatorial waters of the Atlantic Ocean, the sailors of the English corvette Lady of the Lake saw a remarkable object or cloud in the sky. It was a cloud of circular form, with an included semi-circle divided into four parts, the central dividing shaft beginning at the center of the circle and extending far outward, and then curving backward. The thing traveled from a point 20 degrees above the horizon to a point about 80 degrees above. Then it settled down to the northeast, having appeared from the south, southeast. It came up obliquely against the wind, and finally settled down in the wind's eye. For half an hour this form was visible, then it finally did disappear.
G.B. Scott reports hearing "The Barisal Guns" in the Sundarbans, near the mouth of the Ganges.
Albert Pike publishes the 861-page Morals and Dogma of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry.
Medium and Hollow Earth supporter M. L. Sherman brought out The Hollow Globe, based on supposed communications from the dead.
Marie Celeste is found abandoned.
The "Bohemian Grove" group was established by San Franciscans, played an equally significant role in shaping post-war politics in the US. It was at the Grove, it is said, that the Manhattan Project was set up and that Eisenhower was selected as the Republicans' candidate for 1952.
Texas, Bonham: A huge cigar-shaped object swooped low over the town of on two occasions and in broad daylight. It then disappeared quickly to the east.
Sidney Reilly is born as Georgi aka Sigmund Rosenblum in Odessa.
Mexico, Oaxaca: Residents saw a huge, gently swaying, trumpet-shaped object estimated to be 425 feet long hovering in the sky for six minutes.
Madam Blavatsky founds "Theosophy Society".
1875 to 1947
Life of Aleister Crowley, the "Great Beast", Golden Dawn leader and occult figure.
Vertebrae "larger than those of the present type" found in Wisconsin mounds.
James Bryce of Oxford University came upon a four-foot long stick near the peak of Great Ararat. He declared it to be a piece of the ark.
Explorer Charles Barrington Brown wrote of a creature called the Didi. This creature, according to Brown, was a wild man which dwelt in the forests of British Guiana (today's Guyana). He said that on several occasions he had heard its cries, and on others he had seen footprints identified as coming from the creature.
First of seven wills in which Cecil Rhodes leaves his money to establish a secret society to expand British rule throughout the world.
Prospectors near the head of Spring Valley (not far from Eureka, Nevada) found a human leg bone and kneecap sticking out of solid rock dated geologically be from the Jurassic Period, over 185 million years old. Doctors determined that they were from a very modern-looking human being that stood over 12 feet tall.
Skull bones "of great size and thickness" unearthed in mounds of Kansas City area.
Schiaparelli reports canali on Mars
Spring Heeled Jack makes an appearance at Aldershot Barracks.
September 18-- A "winged human form" was observed over Brooklyn, according to the New York Sun.
1878 to 1945
Life of Edgar Cayce, visionary, trance-channeler who spoke of reincarnation, Egyptian mysteries, and Atlantis.
John Martin, a Texas farmer, spotted a fast moving dark object high in the southern sky. When it passed overhead, he saw that it was the size of a "large saucer". It continued on its way and was soon lost to view. In recounting the event, a local newspaper remarked, "Mr. Martin is a gentleman of undoubted veracity and this strange occurrence, if it was not a balloon, deserves the attention of our scientists".
An Englishwoman named Mrs. Turner was aboard the liner Poonah anchored off Suez or Aden; she could not remember which when she related her experience to Robert P. Greg, who subsequently wrote a letter to Oudemans. She observed an extraordinary animal motionless on the surface 150 feet away. Greg wrote, "She saw both the head and 7 or 8 fins of the back, all at the same time in a line. She cannot remember exactly how many dorsal fins there were, but they were large, slightly curved back and not all the same size.... The head looked 4-6 feet diameter, like a large tree trunk.... The color was nearly black like a whale. The whole length appeared considerable, perhaps as long as an ordinary tree, or moderate sized ship!"
October 24--The Louisville, Kentucky Courier-Journal, a 'Wild Man of the Woods' was captured, supposedly, in Tennessee, and then placed on exhibit in Louisville. The creature was described as being six feet, five inches tall, and having eyes twice the normal size. His body was "covered with scales."
"Hermtic Order of the Rising Day" founded. Many mambers latter form Arcanum.
Persian Gulf: The S.S. Vulture crew reported in the Persian Gulf, two luminous rotating wheels, about 130 ft. across, seen above the water before diving
A 9-foot, 8-inch skeleton was excavated from a mount near Brewersville, Indiana.
Beginning of Saint-Yves d'Alveydre's activity. Leopold Engler reorganizes the Illuminati of Bavaria.
"A skeleton which is reported to have been of enormous dimensions" was found in a clay coffin, with a sandstone slab containing hieroglyphics, during mound explorations by a Dr Everhart near Zanesville, Ohio.
Members of the crew of the British India Company's steamship Patna witnessed two large luminous wheels each estimated to be 500 to 600 meters in diameter. The wheels were spinning, one on each side of the ship, and the spokes touching the ship. The sighting lasted 20 minutes and was witnessed by Captain Avern, third officer Manning, and Lee Fort Brace.
New Mexico, Lamy: Four men walking near Galisteo Junction were surprised as they heard voices coming from a "strange balloon," which flew over them. It was shaped like a fish and seemed to be guided by a large fanlike device. There were eight to ten figures aboard. Their language was not understood. The object flew low over Galisteo Junction and rose rapidly toward the east.
September 12--The New York Times remarked on reports from Coney Island of a "man with bat's wings and improved frog's legs ... at least a thousand feet in the air ... flying toward the New Jersey coast ... (with) a cruel and determined expression."
September 23--At about 3:30 in the afternoon farmer David Lang dematerialized in front of five witnesses while walking across a field near Gallatin, Tennessee. Mrs. Lang ran and pounded the ground where he had vanished. Seven months later Lang's children insisted that they had heard their father crying distantly from uderneath the field. He seemed desperate and tortured, and was begging for help, until his voice faded away and was not heard again. Where he was last seen there was a circle of withered yellow grass 20 feet in diameter.
The first stories of the Alma were gathered by N. M. Pzewalski, a traveler in Mongolia who also discovered the Mongolian wild horse.
Georgia, Americus: Mr. Z. T. Baisden, of Americus, gives us the following story of a whirlwind that visited his place, scaring all his hands and some visitors very badly. A whirlwind occurred in a twelve acre cornfield that was about four feet in diameter and sometimes a hundred feet high. The body of it was perfectly black, with fire in the center and emitted a strong sulphurous vapor that could be smelt three hundred yards form it. The whirlwind would divide into three and move rapidly over the field, twisting up the corn stalks by the roots and carrying them up. These three minor whirlwinds would then come together with a loud crash, cracking and burning and shoot high up into the heavens. Three young ladies who were visiting Mrs. Baisden went in about 150 feet to observe it, but received such a shower of burning sand upon their face and necks that they ran affrighted to the house. Mr. Baisden says that he cannot account for this strange phenomenon, and it certainly frightened all who saw it. The strange part was that it contained fire, yet did not appear to burn the corn that it did not tear up, and its sulphurous vapor sickened and burnt all who got close enough to get a full breath of it.
June 11--In the Cruise of the Bacchante, a work compiled from the journals of the late King George V of England (then Duke of York) and his brother Prince Albert Victor, is reported the sighting of a phantom ship. The brothers served as midshipmen on H.M.S. Bacchante's round the world voyage between1879 and 1882. At 4 A.M. on June 11, 1881, while the vessel was sailing to Sydney from Melbourne, Australia, the late King's diary says an eerie red light was noticed. His account follows: "In the midst of the red light, the masts, spars and sails of a brig two hundred yards distant stood out in strong relief as she came up on the port bow. The lookout in the forecastle reported her as close to the bow, while also the officer of the watch from the bridge clearly saw her. So did the quarterdeck midshipman, was sent forward at once to the forecastle; but on arriving, there was no vestige or sign of any material ship. The night was clear and the sea calm. Thirteen persons altogether saw her. Two other ships of the squadron, the Tourmaline and the Cleopatra, who were sailing off our starboard bow, asked whether we had seen the strange red light."
England: A huge UFO, the first such phenomenon which was characteristically saucer-shaped in Europe, was plainly observed by numerous people in England and other parts of Europe during the night. It was seen to travel in the sky at an approximate altitude of 130 miles in an east-west direction. A number of eminent scientists witnessed the object, among them being Dr E Walter Maunder, Greenwich astronomer; English spectroscopist, J Rand Capron; Dutch astronomers Audemans and Zeeman. The Royal Observatory, Greenwich published a report of the conclusions reached by scientists, following the appearance of what had been termed, "The Great Saucer". The report had this to say: "It appeared to be well defined in body and the inference drawn was that it was a meteor, not in the old vague sense of some object high in the Earth's atmosphere, but in the sense of a solid cosmological substance, disc-like in appearance, the orbit of which brought it within the terrestrial atmosphere. But nothing could be more unlike the rush of a great meteor or fireball, with intense radiance and fiery train. The advance of this object, though swift, appeared to be orderly and controlled. There was no sign of the compression of the atmosphere before it, no hint that the matter composing its front part, was in anyway more strongly heated than the rest of its substance, if substance, indeed it possessed."
August 12--Armada Of Discs. Astronomer Jose Bonilla, at Zacatecas, Mexico Observatory, witnessed anywhere from 100-400 disc-shaped or cigar shaped objects crossing the face of the sun. He even managed to take a photograph through his telescope of one of the craft.
An account of "an extraordinary saurian" killed along the Rio Beni in what is now Bolivia appearanced in such a prestigious publication as Scientific American. The account describes a tri-headed monster nearly 40 feet in length.
Ten skeletons "of both sexes and of gigantic size" were taken from a mound at Warren, Minnesota.
A small hominoid is captured near Victoria, British Columbia.
"Fabian Society" founded in London by Sidney and Beatrice Webb and others.
A skeleton 7 feet 6 inches long was found in a massive stone structure that was likened to a temple chamber within a mound in Kanawha County, West Virginia.
Pope Leo XIII issued a proclamation stating that Masonry was one of the secret societies attempting to "revive the manners and customs of the pagans" and "establish Satan's kingdom on Earth."
June 6--Holdredge's weekly newspaper, the Nebraska Nugget published a story that had occurred to some cowboys from Dundy County, of a cylindrical object that crashed on the prairie about 35 miles northwest of Benkelman, Dundy County, and left bits of machinery and gear wheels behind, glowing from the heat. A terrifying noise in the sky drew their attention to a bright object diving towards the ground before it crashed, out of sight from where the cowboys were. They had then rushed over to it and discovered numerous burning hot "machinery parts" spread out all along a track left by the mysterious flying object. The heat was so unbearable that one of the witnesses, Alf Williamson, had even fainted. At one point of the track, the sand had melted over a surface area of about 6x22yards. Finding it impossible to approach the mysterious visitor (the UFO) the party turned back on it's trail. When it (the UFO) first touched the earth the ground was sandy and bare of grass. The sand was fused to an unknown depth over a space about 20 feet wide by 30 feet long, and the melted stuff was still bubbling and hissing." The next morning, a group goes back to the site. Certain pieces are now cool enough to get close to. According to The Nebraska Nugget, the metal they are made up of resembles copper but is extremely light and resistant. As for the spaceship, of cylindrical form, the men estimate its length to be about twenty meters long by about 3.5 yards wide. There is no established certainty concerning the nature of this affair: it is probably a hoax, but it is not a certainty. It could indeed be an account of a crash of a flying machine, inevitably extraterrestrial due to the event's date.
December 13--Possible UFO crash in Sorisole, near Bergamo, Italy
Beranger Sauniere becomes the Cure of the village church in Rennes-le-Chateau.
In a block of coal considered to be 60 million years old, a strange man-made cast iron cube (2.64 ¥ 2.64 ¥ 1.85 inches, 1.73 pounds, non-meteoric, non-pyrite ) was found embedded.
A large mound near Gasterville, Pennsylvania, contained a vault in which was found a skeleton measuring 7 feet 2 inches. Inscriptions were carved on the vault.
Miners discovered the mummified remains of woman measuring 6 feet 8 inches tall holding an infant. The mummies were found in a cave behind a wall of rock in the Yosemite Valley.
November 1--Turkey, Constantinople: From L'Astronomie: M. Mavrogordato, calls our attention to the following strange observations which have been communicated to him, "at 9:30pm, there was seen, west of Adrianople, an elongated object giving off a strong luminosity. It seemed to float in the air and its apparent disk was four or five times larger than the full moon. It traveled slowly and cast light on the whole camp behind the station with a brightness about ten times greater than a large electric bulb. In the morning, at dawn, a very luminous flame, first bluish, then greenish, and moving at a height of five to six meters, made a series of turns around the ferryboat pier at Scutari. Its blinding luminosity lighted the street and flooded the inside of the houses with light."
Tesla tests a "death ray" (EM weapon) in Colorado Springs, Colorado, and all electrical apparatus in Colorado were disabled during the tests.
First written Sasquatch report from Siskiyou, California.
October 24--During the night, which was rainy and tempestuous, a family of nine persons, sleeping in a hut a few leagues from Maracaibo, Venezuela, were awakened by a loud humming noise and a vivid, dazzling light, which brilliantly illuminated the interior of the house. The occupants completely terror stricken, and believing, as they relate, that the end of the world had come, threw themselves on their knees and commenced to pray, but their devotions were almost immediately interrupted by violent vomiting, and extensive swellings commenced to appear in the upper part of their bodies, this being particularly noticeable about the face and lips. It is to be noted that the brilliant lights was not accompanied by a sensation of heat, although there was a smoky appearance and a peculiar smell. The next morning, the swellings had subsided, leaving upon the face and body large black blotches. No trace of lightning could afterward by observed in any part of the building, and all the sufferers unite in saying that there was no detonation, but only the loud humming already mentioned. Another curious attendant circumstance is that the trees around the house showed no signs of injury until the ninth day, when they suddenly withered. From Warner Cowgill, U. S. Consulate, Maracaibo, Venezuela in a letter posted in Scientific American.
An American prospector, Mr. Willoughby, claimed he heard an Indian legend of a city appearing in the sky each summer near Mount Fairweather, on the Alaska-Yukon border. Mr. Willoughby said he first saw the mirage in 1887 and offered a photograph as proof that the phenomenon was real. In 1889, the New York Times reported that the city in Willoughby's photograph had been identified as Bristol, England.
The "Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn" is founded in England by Dr. William W. Westcott, MacGregor Mathers and Dr. William Robert Woodman. The order was supposedly a rebirth of a Rosicrucian order from Nuremberg, Germany. The Golden Dawn was an offshoot of the English Rosicrucian Society created twenty years earlier by Robert Wentworth Little, and consisted largely of leading Freemasons. During its heyday the Order of the Golden Dawn formulated and taught the basics of current magickal practice to Western Civilization. It's own sources were Masonic, Rosicrucian, Qaballistic, and the ceremonial practices of the medieval magickians.
Under the orders of Fraulein Sprengle, Dr. Westcott founds the English branch of "Die Goldene Dammerung", or the "Isis-Urania Temple of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn". He is joined by Dr. Woodcott and MacGregor Mathers.
In Minnesota, were discovered remains of seven skeletons 7 to 8 feet tall.
Five Whitechapel prostitutes are murdered, allegedly by "Jack the Ripper"
Maj. L. A. Waddell became the first Westerner to come upon a mysterious humanlike footprint in the Himalayan snows. His Sherpa guides told him that the track, found at 17,000 feet, was from a hairy wild man of a sort long known to them. "The belief in these creatures is universal among Tibetans," Waddell wrote in Among the Himalayas (1899), but none with whom he spoke "could ever give me an authentic case. On the most superficial investigation it always resolved into something that somebody had heard tell of." He was sure these creatures were in fact "great yellow snow-bears."
Mrs S.W. Culp broke open a 300 million year old Pennsylvanian era chunk of coal collected from the Taylorsville or Pana mines, and found embedded within a 10 inch, eight-carat gold chain "of antique workmanship." according to the Morrisonville Times, June 11, 1891.
Zama dies, leaving behind numerous half human/half Alma children.
Biologist Yersin visits India, purportedly to receive plague and cholera serum from the Nine Unknown.
In the early American frontier town of Tombstone, Arizona two cowboys claimed to have shot a pterodactyl-like animal and cut off its wing. The local paper recorded a description of the animal that fits the Quetzelcoatlus, whose fossils were found in Texas. This could be a "Thunderbird," the flying reptile of Sioux American Indian legends who was given its name because it was hit by lightning and seen to fall to the ground during a storm.
The foundations of the "Round Table Society", eventually to be funded by Cecil Rhodes and the Rothschilds to gain financial and political power, are laid by a meeting of representatives of the U.S., Canada, Australia, India, South Africa and New Zealand.
Nikola Tesla invents the Tesla Coil.
Sauniere begins to renovate the church at Rennes le Chateau. He finds something, which causes the Bishop of Carcassone to send Sauniere to consult scholars and cryptographers. Sauniere returns and continues to renovate the church. He becomes very wealthy.
September 5-- As reported in the Brooklyn Eagle newspaper, two icemen were working outside in Crawfordsville, Indiana at about 2:00am, when a bizarre object sailed overhead. The icemen described the UFO as a 'seemingly headless monster', although there is no reason to believe that it was an animal of any kind. It was about 20ft long, and 8ft wide, moving in the sky toward the two men, and 'seemingly propelled by fin like attachments.' The men moved, and the UFO flew off. The noise awoke Methodist pastor G.W. Swittze, who saw it circling in the sky.
February--The ship, H.M.S. Carolina was sailing in the North China Sea, when a report from an officer of unusual light activity in the sky came to the attention of Captain J.N. Norcross. The officer told Captain Norcross that the lights appeared sometimes in a huge mass, others spread out in unusual patterns. He said that they resembled Chinese lanterns set between the masts of a ship. The next night these strange lights reappeared but with a reddish glow and eminating small amounts of smoke.
A mound near Toledo, Ohio, held 20 skeletons, seated and facing east with jaws and teeth "twice as large as those of present day people," and besides each was a large bowl with "curiously wrought hieroglyphic figures."
Herbert Coles and Dunham Coretter, two St. Augustine, Florida, residents, found something lying on the beach of Anastasia Island which would quickly become the center of controversy. The object was a huge fleshy mass some four feet tall, 23 feet long, and 18 feet across. A group of investigators from the St. Augustine Historical Society and Institute of Science, led by DeWitt Webb, determined that the mass had been beached for several days. The team also found pieces of what seemed to be tentacles: was the creature a giant octopus or a giant squid? In 1957, scientists proved it was some sort of octopi from preserved tissue samples. Folktales circulate in the neighboring Bahamas of creatures called lusca, which are reputed to be gigantic, octopi-like creatures inhabiting deep waterholes. Could these legends be based on sightings of monsters like those of St. Augustine in life?
First "flap year" for UFOs: wave of sightings of unidentified airships in U.S. November 26--The great Airship Flap of 1897 actually started in late 1896 in San Francisco. Hundreds saw a large, cigar-shaped object, shining brilliant beams of light, and moving northwest passing over Oakland. An airship that looked like a great black cigar with a fishlike tail neared Lorin tremendous speed. It turned quickly and disappeared in the direction of San Francisco. The body was at least 100 feet long and attached to it was a triangular tail, one apex being attached to the main body. The surface of the airship looked as if it were made of aluminum, which exposure to wind and weather had turned dark. At half past 8 we saw it again, when it took about the same direction and disappeared." From the Oakland Tribune, Dec 1. 1896.
Avtar Singh-Gida disappears.
Sworn statement from Alexander Hamilton, at his farm in LeRoy, Kansas: "Last night about 10:30 we were awakened by a noise among the cattle. I arose, thinking that perhaps my bulldog was performing his pranks, but upon going to the door saw to my utter astionishment that an airship was slowly descending upon my cow lot, about 40 rods from the house" Hamilton also described it as a cigar shaped portion, about 300 feet long with a carriage underneath. The carriage was of some transparent material. It was brightly lighted within. It contained six on the strangest beings he had ever seen. .
April--"Airship" Mania Breaks Out Across Nation. The state of Illinois was inundated with airship reports during April 1897. The first known sighting was in Nashville, Illinois, as a balloon-like airship with a large red light was spotted at 8 p.m. by many residents. On April 8th, a Rock Island police officer claimed that while on his east end beat, he was startled by the illuminated vessel a half mile overhead. He described it as having "a glittering steel hull, with dim wing-like fans on either side, and it swayed gently in its flight." On April 9th hundreds of people observed it over Chicago, Evanston, Niles Center and Schermerville. On the night of April 10th, scores of Jacksonville residents watched the airship pass over the city. "It was seen by all the police officers on duty, the firemen and hundreds of citizens." By the evening of the 11th, the sightings reached Springfield as Richard Schriver, foreman of the county jail, watched it for 30 minutes with another man. It was described as "a radiating light not unlike a locomotive headlight." At 8 p.m. in Lincoln on April 12th, "More than fifty people stood on Pulaski street and whenever the lightening flashed and the clouds separated" they thought they could discern the airship's light in the distance. On April 13th, more than 200 people saw its white and green lights as it passed near Lincoln at 8 p.m., while 30 minutes later it was seen over Moline by several farmers including Benjamin Carr who said it was "a cigar-shaped body or hull, apparently about 15 feet long, with large wing-like projections on each side." These are just a handful of hundreds of Illinois sightings that occurred during April. Not only are there striking parallels between the airship wave and present-day UFO reports - but there were also reports of close encounters. I will briefly mention three Illinois close encounter cases. Keep in mind that they are just three of many from Illinois and across the nation during 1897. According to the Decatur Daily Republican of April 16, 1897, p. 1, the airship landed near Springfield the previous night. Farmhand John Halley and local vineyard owner Adolf Wenke said that it landed three miles west of the city along the Jefferson street road. They said a long-bearded man emerged and inquired where he was. "Inside the car was seated another man and also the scientist's wife." He said they usually rested during the daytime in remote parts of the country in order to conceal the vessel's huge wings. When they asked the scientist his name, "he smiled and pointed to the letter M., which was painted on the side car." After bidding the farmers farewell, he pressed a button and the ship flew off. The Springfield News also reported on an airship touching down near Carlinville on April 12th. It was reportedly spotted between the town of Nilwood and Girard about 6:15. William Street, Frank Metcalf and Ed Temples and the telegraph operator all saw it at Girard. "These men saw it alight, and a man get out and fix some part of the machinery. They started for the place where it had alighted, but within a quarter of a mile it rose and disappeared from view" to the north. Elburn, Kane County, on April 10th. According to a report on the front page of the Rockford Daily Republic of April 12th, "Trainmen running through there say that the operator says that some stockmen say that some farmers say that the ship had a breakdown near there and came down for repairs."
Olof Ohman digs up a Viking runic stone in Kensington, Minnesota.
Morgan Robertson writes Futility (apparently republished as The Wreck of the Titan; or Futility in 1912), a horror story about a luxury ocean liner hitting an iceberg and sinking.
Bechtel is a supersecret international corporate octopus, founded in 1898. Some say the firm is really a 'Shadow Government'--a working arm of the CIA.
Tesla discovers terrestrial stationary waves which can produce electricity; reports receiving signals from another planet.
Alleged meeting in England at which the J.P. Morgan, Rothschilds and Warburgs become affiliated.
South Africa: After alerting its telegraph offices to be on the lookout for invading British aircraft, the Transvaal government was inundated with sighting reports. Phantom airships, often equipped with powerful searchlights, mysteriously appeared in the skies around. Of course, neither aircraft nor airplanes were known to exist in Africa at this time.
Tesla suggests alien beings might be living "in the very midst of us." Tesla tests his wireless transmission of energy in Colorado Springs. Dynamos of a Colorado electricity company were disabled 6 miles away. In the old Spanish Garavanza district or Los Angeles, where Avenue 64 and York Boulevard now lie, there used to be a ranch owned by Ralph Rodgers who had employed several Mexican and Chinese workers. In early 1900, Andrew C. Smith and Charles A. Elder discovered a rumored tunnel entrance in the area and reported it to the local newspaper, whose editor confirmed their story. They explored the tunnel to some depth. They also learned from a Mexican elder of a native American village that existed on the banks of the Arroyo Seco River. When the Spanish entered the area this man, Juan Dominquez, had explored the tunnel "leading to a gigantic cave and then still going further down", spreading under the entire village of Garavanza and connecting to the Spanish Church of the Angels on North Avenue 64. One entrance was reportedly located along the west bluff of Arroyo Seco River about 300 feet south of the former Pasadena Ave. Rail Bridge, and about 20 feet above the stream, but the city "blew up" the entrance after children were hurt in the cave, and a Freeway exists now in the area, however a secret opening still exists in the basement of the Spanish church mentioned above. Early visitors to the cave had reported "many caverns and tunnels going deep down, with eerie voices coming from them." The cave used to be used by natives for ritual purposes.
Approximate date Adolf Lanz founded the "Order of New Templars", a forerunner of the Nazi mentality.
Teenager Miranda McKay and three other girls, plus their Scottish chaperone from Appleyard College boarding school, disappear at Hanging Rock, near Melbourne, Australia. A Mystery to this day.
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